A Chinese space capsule is bringing back the first moon rocks in more than 40 years after orbiting the moon for about a week.
The Chang’e 5 lunar probe started its three-day return to Earth by firing up four engines for about 22 minutes to move out of the moon’s orbit, the China National Space Administration said in a social media post on Sunday.
The craft’s lander touched down on the moon earlier this month close to a formation called the Mons Rumker, an area believed to have been the site of ancient volcanic activity. It collected about 2 kilogrammes (4.4 pounds) of samples.
The return capsule is expected to land in northern China after separating from the rest of the spacecraft and floating down on parachutes. The material would be the first brought back since the Soviet Union’s Luna 24 probe in 1976.
The Chang'e-5 orbiter is on its way back to Earth, bringing the samples in the attached resume reentry capsule. The spacecraft started a burn with its 4 x 150N engines at 01:51 UTC, lasting for 22 minutes. Arrival at Earth on December 17. pic.twitter.com/lUnlkJh7Cx
— Andrew Jones (@AJ_FI) December 13, 2020
The rocks and other debris were obtained both by drilling into the moon’s crust and scooping directly off the surface.
They may be billions of years younger than those brought back by earlier US and Soviet missions, possibly offering insights into the moon’s history and that of other bodies in the solar system.
China has set up labs to analyse the samples for age and composition and is also expected to share some of them with other countries, as was done with the hundreds of kilogrammes brought back by the US and the former Soviet Union.
China’s space programme has a series of ambitious missions under way, including a probe en route to Mars.
The Chang’e lunar programme, named after the ancient Chinese moon goddess, has been operating the Chang’e 4 probe on the moon’s less-explored far side for the past two years.
Future plans call for returning a human to the moon and perhaps a permanent moon base. China is also building a space station to begin operating as early as 2022.