New US leader’s policy towards Iraq remains unclear but Biden has a long and controversial legacy in the country.
Some 50 prisoners in Iraq face possible execution on Monday following conviction on terrorism-related crimes in unfair trials, according to the United Nations human rights experts.
In a joint statement released on Friday, UN experts urged the Baghdad government to immediately halt all mass executions, noting that 21 prisoners had been executed in October, followed by a further 21 last week in Nasiriya Central Prison, also known as Al Hoot.
The wave “seems to be part of a larger plan to execute all prisoners on death row”, read the statement.
Some 4,000 prisoners, most of them charged with terrorism offences, are believed to be on death row in Iraq, the experts said. Hundreds of executions are imminent after their execution orders were signed off, they said.
“We strongly urge the Iraqi government to respect its international legal obligations and to immediately halt further plans to execute prisoners,” said the UN investigators, who focus on torture, arbitrary killings and protecting human rights while countering terrorism.
Trials under anti-terrorism laws have been marked by alarming irregularities, they added.
“Defendants have frequently been denied the most basic right to an adequate defence and their allegations of torture and ill-treatment during interrogations have not been investigated.”
There was no immediate comment from the Iraqi government.
The UN human rights chief, Michelle Bachelet, in a statement issued last week after the execution of 21 men, called on Iraqi authorities to halt any further executions.
Her office had found “frequent violations of fair trial rights, ineffective legal representation, overreliance on confessions and frequent allegations of torture”, she said.
The administration of justice underpins a functioning, democratic society, Bachelet added.