Fires in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest surged in October and the number of blazes is up 25 percent in the first 10 months of 2020, compared with a year ago, data from government space research agency INPE showed.
The agency recorded 17,326 hot spots in the world’s largest rainforest in October, more than double the number of fires detected in the same month last year. Destruction of the forest has soared since right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro took office in 2019.
The president said he wished to develop the region to lift it out of poverty, while environmental advocates said his policies emboldened illegal loggers, miners and ranchers.
The number of fires so far this year remains at a decade high. In only the first 10 months of the year, 2020 has surpassed the total number of fires for full-year 2019, when the destruction spurred international criticism that Brazil was not doing enough to protect the forest.
Advocacy group WWF-Brasil blamed the government for failing to stop those who cut down the forest.
“With the rate of deforestation increasing in recent years, the government has ignored the warnings of researchers: deforestation and forest fires go together,” WWF-Brasil science manager Mariana Napolitano said in a statement.
“After cutting down the forest, the criminals set fires to clean up the accumulated organic material.”
Fires in Brazil’s Pantanal, the world’s largest wetlands, also increased in October compared with a year ago, according to INPE. The Pantanal, home to many rare species including the world’s densest population of jaguars, has recorded the most fires this year since records began in 1998.
In the year through October 25, 28 percent of the wetland has burned, according to the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, an area nearly the size of Denmark.
But Napolitano said that with the rainy season arriving in the Amazon and Pantanal, there were signs that the pace of destruction was slowing.