Three civil rights groups filed a lawsuit Thursday challenging United States President Donald Trump’s executive order that prohibits federal agencies, contractors and grant recipients from offering certain diversity trainings that the president deems “anti-American.”
The NAACP Legal Defense Fund filed the complaint in federal court in Washington, DC, along with the National Urban League and the National Fair Housing Alliance. The lawsuit argued that Trump’s order violates free speech rights and strangles workplace attempts to address systemic race and sex discrimination.
The National Urban League and the National Fair Housing Alliance both have federal contracts and plan to apply for future ones.
The executive order “unconstitutionally forces Plaintiffs to choose between censoring speech on these important issues or forfeiting any opportunity to enter into a federal contract,” the groups argued in the complaint.
Trump’s executive order, signed last month, called out workplace trainings that explore deep-seated racism and privilege that the administration says could make white workers feel “discomfort” or guilt. The president ordered the US Department of Labor (DOL) to set up a hotline to investigate complaints about training sessions that Trump has called “anti-American” and “blame-focused”.
Trump has said he is targeting trainings based on “critical race theory”, the idea that racism has permeated US history and institutions. At the first presidential debate, Trump said such trainings are “teaching people to hate our country”.
The directive uses a 55-year-old presidential order spurred by the civil rights movement that sought to ban discriminatory practices at companies that contract with the federal government. Critics say Trump’s order twists President Lyndon B Johnson’s 1965 initiative into a vehicle for white grievances.
“The executive order smacks of a totalitarian endorsement of white supremacy,” Marc Morial, president and CEO of the National Urban League, said at a virtual press conference. Morial called the order a “direct attack on our mission”.
According to the lawsuit, the National Urban League has a federal contract that includes developing diversity and inclusion training programmes for the DOL’s apprenticeship programmes.
The DOL says the order does not ban “unconscious bias” training that discusses “pre-conceptions, opinions, or stereotypes” that people might have about others. But it prohibits training that that implies anyone is racist or sexist “by virtue of his or her race, sex, and/or national origin”.
The lawsuit, however, said the wording of the order is overly broad and is already having a chilling effect on diversity training. Some organisations have asked that words including “systemic racism” and “white privilege” be banned from training, the complaint said. It also cited the University of Iowa’s decision to suspend its diversity efforts for fear of losing government funding.
Michelle Lee, cofounder and CEO of Awaken, which provides diversity and inclusion workshops, said one of her clients — a private company with a government contract — reached out shortly after the order was issued to ask if she could omit “white privilege” from a speech she planned to give to its employees. Lee said she pushed back, saying she did not believe that language would violate the order, and the company relented.
“I did give the speech and I was extra spicy. Not only did talk about white privilege but I extended that further to talk about white supremacy culture,” Lee said.
She said another client, a non-profit that relies on government grants, has asked if Awaken planned to reformulate its training. But Lee said no professional diversity trainer would imply that any group has unconscious bias without proper context.
“Of course we are not going to stand up and say, ‘you people are inherently racist,'” Lee said.
Within the government, the US Department of Justice has suspended all diversity and inclusion training. The government has also cancelled training programmes at the Department of State, Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Veterans Affairs.
The National Fair Housing Alliance, which currently has a contract with the Department of Housing and Urban Development, said in the lawsuit that it routinely conducts internal training and discussions to address “systemic racism, unconscious bias, and racial inequities”. Those include recent “informal conversation” with employees concerning “perceptions of white people and other demographic groups in connection with the killing of George Floyd”.
The DOL is also using the 1965 presidential order to target companies, including Microsoft and Wells Fargo, over public commitments to expand or bolster Black and Hispanic representation in leadership roles.
The government opened inquiries into both companies, warning them against using “discriminatory practices” to meet their goals.