The largest protest to date calls for a change of government, new elections and monarchy reform.
Hundreds of Thai protesters scuffled with police throwing blue paint at officers and shouted at the royal motorcade of King Maha Vajiralongkorn, after 21 demonstrators were arrested ahead of new round of anti-government demonstrations on Wednesday.
The crowd chanted, “Release our friends!” as the king’s car swept past in a display of dissent towards the monarchy that has no recent precedent in Thailand.
Among those taken away during Tuesday’s protests were Jatupat Boonpattararaksa, a protest leader, and Chaiamorn Kaewwiboonpan, a singer. People who were detained would be charged appropriately, police said.
“The protesters may not have observed the law today, so police had to act to bring order and didn’t act disproportionately,” government spokesperson Anucha Burapachaisri told the Reuters News Agency.
The protests, which have persisted for three months, present the biggest challenge in years to a political establishment dominated by the army and the palace.
Protesters are calling for a new constitution and the removal of Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, a former military government leader.
They have also called for curbs on the powers of the monarchy, breaking a long-standing taboo against criticising the royal family, which many people still revere.
The palace has not responded to requests for comment on the protests or demands for royal reform.
In a sign of the monarch’s continuing popularity among many Thais, the king and queen left the palace late on Tuesday, smiling broadly as they greeted thousands of cheering supporters who waited in the rain on the anniversary of the death of the former king.
My lawyer colleague from @TLHR2014 is not allowed to enter into the Border Patrol Police Region 1 in Pathum Thani, where the 21 arrested activists are detained. Reportedly, some of them are physically injured by police forcibly arrested them #ม็อบ14ตุลา #whatshappeninginthailand https://t.co/0n0ghxRgWQ
— June Sirikan (@JCharoensiri) October 13, 2020
Earlier in the day, hours before the royal motorcade was due to pass Bangkok’s Democracy Monument, protesters had pushed up against a police line and some threw blue paint.
Police demolished a tent set up for the protest and dragged some demonstrators into police vehicles.
After the trouble, the royal motorcade passed by on the other side of the street. Protesters raised their hands in the three-fingered salute adopted by anti-government campaigners and demanded the release of those detained.
“This is the ugliness of feudalism, where one person can do anything and the majority of the people have to accept it unconditionally,” Parit “Penguin” Chirawat, a student leader, said on Twitter.
The top trending hashtag on the social media platform in Thailand, used more than 1.5 million times, insulted the king.
Insults to the monarchy are punishable by up to 15 years in prison under Thailand’s lese majeste laws, but the prime minister said earlier this year that the king requested that they not be used for now.
Protesters have said they do not seek the abolition of the monarchy, but to reduce the king’s powers under the constitution and to reverse an order to put the palace fortune and some army units under his control.
“The monarchy has to be under the constitution, that is how it supposed to be,” said 21-year-old protester Waranya Siripanya.
In the evening, the demonstrators moved to the police station where the detainees were being held, pressing against the gates to demand their release.
Tuesday was a public holiday to mark four years since the death of the king’s widely respected father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who reigned for 70 years.
Vajiralongkorn, who spends most of his time in Germany, made a rare visit to Thailand for the occasion.
Thousands of royalists gathered to pay their respects, bearing the late king’s picture and flowers and wearing yellow shirts, the colour associated with him.
Many royalists were critical of the protesters.
“They may have been taught and told that the monarchy doesn’t have any value to the nation,” said Narongsak Poomsisa-ard, 67.
“But I want to remind them that our nation exists until today, because we have the strong institution.”