Sri Lanka’s new government to investigate war missing

Announcement follows controversial remarks from President Rajapaksa that those missing were ‘actually dead’.

Sri Lanka''s President-elect Gotabaya Rajapaksa addresses the nation, at the presidential swearing-in ceremony in Anuradhapura
The question of missing people has been a hot-button issue for successive Sri Lankan governments [File: Dinuka Liyanawatte]

Sri Lanka’s presidency has said that death certificates for thousands of people missing presumed dead from the country’s civil war will be given out only after proper investigations.

The statement on Friday followed comments from President Gotabaya Rajapaksa that those missing were “actually dead” had caused anguish among relatives that the government would close the issue without addressing what happened to their loved ones.    

“After the necessary investigations, steps would be taken to issue a death certificate and the necessary support for the families to rebuild their lives,” Rajapaksa’s office said.

It also noted that Rajapaksa in his earlier comments that emerged on Monday did not refer to the number of people reported to be missing since the end of the drawn-out Tamil separatist war in May 2009.

But official figures show that more than 23,500 complaints in respect of missing people had been registered with the authorities. Among those were some 5,000 security personnel.

The question of missing people has been a hot-button issue for successive Sri Lankan governments.

It was among the topics discussed during a meeting Rajapaksa had with the United Nations’ resident coordinator in Sri Lanka, Hanaa Singer, last week, but they did not mention numbers, the statement said.

‘LTTE conspiracy’

The president’s office on Friday repeated that most of the missing civilians had been conscripted by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which was crushed in an offensive that ended in May 2009.

“The families of the missing attest to it. However, they do not know what has become of them and so claim them to be missing,” the president said.


Under current law, families cannot access property deeds, bank accounts or inheritances left by missing relatives unless they can conclusively prove they are dead – often an impossible task.

The previous government set up the Office on Missing Persons in 2018 to investigate those never traced after the 37-year Tamil separatist war and during a Marxist uprising.

International rights groups claim at least 40,000 ethnic Tamil civilians were killed in the final stages of the separatist war, but the government has disputed the figures.

Thousands of people also went missing during a crackdown by security forces and pro-government vigilante groups on Marxist rebels between 1987 and 1990.

Source: News Agencies