Brazil on Tuesday restored detailed COVID-19 data to its official national website following controversy over the removal of cumulative totals and a ruling by a Supreme Court justice that the full set of information be reinstated.
The move followed days of mounting pressure from across the political spectrum and allegations the government was trying to mask the severity of the outbreak, now the world’s second-largest.
The official website reverted to showing cumulative totals of deaths and infections – as well as breakdowns by state – as it had done until last week.
On Tuesday evening, the latest daily numbers showed 32,091 new infections of coronavirus in the previous 24 hours for a cumulative total of 739,503 cases, and 1,272 new deaths, bringing the toll to 38,406 dead, the third-highest after the United States and the United Kingdom.
Right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro has tried to downplay the severity of the coronavirus, dismissing it as a “little flu” and urging governors to reverse lockdown measures.
On Tuesday, Bolsonaro said the World Health Organization (WHO) had lost credibility in its handling of the pandemic and that Brazil could pull out of the international body.
Sao Paulo’s health department reported a record number of COVID-19 deaths for one day, just as the country’s most populous state was starting to reopen its economy and relax some social distancing rules.
Despite the deaths, the mayor of Sao Paulo, the state capital, said shops could resume business for four hours a day from Wednesday while malls could open again on Thursday pending agreement on conditions to protect shoppers.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s second-largest city, also started to ease quarantine rules, including by allowing football matches without spectators. But a judge on Monday ordered the resumption of quarantine measures, allowing only essential services to operate due to the surging death toll.
Over the weekend, Brazil’s health ministry abruptly removed cumulative totals of coronavirus cases and deaths. Last week, it also had delayed the release of the numbers until late in the evening, past the broadcast time of Brazil’s main news programme.
Health experts had feared that by not publishing accumulated totals and releasing only deaths that occurred in the past 24 hours, cases in which someone tested positive for the coronavirus days after their death could disappear from public view.
In Brazil, where testing has been haphazard, such cases are common.
Supreme Justice Alexandre de Moraes said in a statement on the court’s website that the health ministry must “fully re-establish the daily dissemination of epidemiological data on the COVID-19 pandemic, including on the agency’s website”.
Moraes said the government’s removal of the data made it “impossible” to monitor the spread of the virus and implement appropriate control and prevention policies.
Acting Health Minister Eduardo Pazuello, speaking at a cabinet meeting broadcast on TV, said there had never been any intention of manipulating the numbers.