Swaraj died of a heart attack on Tuesday after being rushed to the emergency ward of All India Institute of Medical Science hospital in New Delhi, the Press Trust of India reported.
She was the external affairs minister in Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s cabinet from 2014 to 2019.
After undergoing a kidney transplant during her tenure as minister, Swaraj decided not to run for this year’s general election, citing health issues.
In a series of tweets, Modi said that Swaraj’s death was a “personal loss” and that she had worked tirelessly at India’s external affairs ministry.
“A glorious chapter in Indian politics comes to an end. India grieves the demise of a remarkable leader who devoted her life to public service and bettering lives of the poor. Sushma Swaraj Ji was one of her kind, who was a source of inspiration for crores of people,” Modi said.
Sushma Ji was a prolific orator and outstanding Parliamentarian. She was admired and revered across party lines.
She was uncompromising when it came to matters of ideology and interests of the BJP, whose growth she immensely contributed to.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) August 6, 2019
Swaraj was known for her active presence on social media, often replying to requests for help from Indians abroad.
In her last tweets, she thanked Modi for bringing a controversial measure to India’s parliament to revoke the special status of India-administered portion of the disputed territory of Kashmir, a move that came after New Delhi imposed a clampdown in the Muslim-majority state.
Calling it a “bold and historic decision”, Swaraj said: “I was waiting to see this day in my lifetime.”
Opposition Congress party leader Rahul Gandhi described Swaraj as “an extraordinary political leader, a gifted orator and an exceptional parliamentarian with friendships across party lines”.
Swaraj received a law degree and began her political career in the 1970s closely associated with socialist leaders.
She actively opposed an emergency rule imposed in 1975 by then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of the Congress party.
She later joined the BJP and rose to become one of its top leaders, last serving as India’s foreign minister, only the second woman in the role after Indira Gandhi.
Swaraj is survived by her husband, Swaraj Kaushal, a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of India and a former governor of Mizoram state, and a daughter, Bansuri, also a lawyer.
Politicians, celebrities and ordinary Indians took to Twitter to express their grief over Swaraj’s death and pay tribute. Here’s a roundup of some of them:
— NDTV (@ndtv) August 6, 2019
I'm beyond aggrieved at the passing away of Smt. #SushmaSwaraj A veteran politician and a pillar of the BJP, she was loved by everyone. She will be remembered as the most endearing & helpful politicians of recent times. My condolences to her family and friends. A huge loss for 🇮🇳 pic.twitter.com/JdI0vPxRJP
— Gautam Gambhir (@GautamGambhir) August 6, 2019
An Inspiration for every woman in India! A Lady who taught us we can achieve anything we want with absolute dignity and grace. Monumental loss. Rest in Peace Warrior @SushmaSwaraj#SushmaSwaraj pic.twitter.com/1PM1tcyOUT
— Deepika Narayan Bhardwaj (@DeepikaBhardwaj) August 6, 2019