Myanmar’s army may be committing serious human rights violations under cover of a mobile phone blackout in parts of Rakhine and Chin states in the west of the country, Yanghee Lee, UN special rapporteur on Myanmar, said on Monday.
Lee reported that nine townships had been blacked out, with no media access and serious restrictions on humanitarian organisations. She called on the government to end the mobile internet ban.
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“I fear for all civilians there,” Lee said in a statement.
“I am told that the Tatmadaw (Myanmar’s army) is now conducting a ‘clearance operation’, which we all know by now can be a cover for committing gross human rights violations against the civilian population.”
The statement said there were credible reports that army helicopters carried out attacks in Minbya Township in central Rakhine on June 19 and, the following day, the Arakan Army fired on a navy ship in Sittwe, killing and injuring several soldiers.
The conflict has included use of heavy weaponry, air strikes and helicopter gunships, with significant loss of life on all sides, UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet told the council earlier on Monday.
A leading telecoms operator, Telenor Group, said on Saturday that the Ministry of Transport and Communications had ordered a temporary shutdown of internet services in conflict-torn western Myanmar, citing “disturbances of peace and use of internet activities to coordinate illegal activities”.
A military spokesman said the army had no information about the shutdown and was not behind it.
The Arakan Army is a rebel group that recruits from the mainly Buddhist ethnic Rakhine population and is fighting for greater autonomy for the state.
Lee’s statement said the conflict between the Arakan Army and the military has been going on since late last year and has displaced more than 35,000 civilians, affecting people in Rakhine and in neighbouring Chin state.
Rohingya exodus of 2017
Rakhine state came to global attention after about 730,000 Rohingya crossed into Bangladesh fleeing a brutal military crackdown in August 2017. The military said its offensive was in response to deadly attacks allegedly carried out by Rohingya rebels.
UN investigators have called for senior military officers to be prosecuted over allegations of mass killings, gang rapes and arson. The military denies wrongdoing.