British legislators seized a measure of control over the stalled Brexit process from Prime Minister Theresa May‘s foundering government, setting up a series of votes that could dramatically alter the course of the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union.
The move on Monday came after May conceded that Parliament would defeat her twice-rejected divorce deal with the EU again if she put it to a third vote.
With Brexit delayed and the new departure date up in the air, the House of Commons voted to give itself control of the parliamentary timetable starting on Wednesday so members of parliament can vote on alternatives to May’s withdrawal deal. The government usually controls the scheduling of votes in Parliament.
Politicians who backed Monday’s motion, which passed 329-302, hope the planned “indicative votes” will narrow the options down to one that can secure majority support. Possible options include a “soft Brexit” that maintains close economic ties with the EU or scrapping Britain’s departure altogether.
Several government ministers quit their posts so they could back the motion. The government opposed the measure because it gave lawmakers temporary control of the parliamentary agenda, usually the government’s prerogative.
The government said it was disappointed in the vote, claiming it “upends the balance between our democratic institutions and sets a dangerous, unpredictable precedent for the future”.
But it also conceded the new votes might be a way to break the months-long Brexit impasse. May said she would “engage constructively” with the results of the process, although she said she was sceptical it would produce a decisive result.
Earlier in the day, May acknowledged “with great regret” that her deal still lacked “sufficient support” to be approved as of Monday.
She said she hoped to hold a third vote on the agreement later this week and was working to build support for the deal, which sets out the terms of withdrawing from the EU and the outline of future relations with the bloc.
May warned opponents that continuing to reject the deal her government negotiated last year could lead to a “slow Brexit” that postpones the country’s departure indefinitely.
With the March 29 Brexit day set almost two years ago days away and the withdrawal agreement lacking Parliament’s approval, European leaders agreed to a postponement last week to avoid a chaotic cliff-edge departure. There is widespread concern that Britain leaving without a deal would be disruptive for the world’s biggest trading bloc and deeply damaging for its ex-member country.
However, the EU granted a shorter delay than May sought. It said if Parliament approved the proposed divorce deal, the UK would leave the EU on May 22. If not, the government has until April 12 to tell the 27 remaining EU countries what it plans to do – leave without a deal, cancel Brexit or chart a path to a new option.
In agreeing to the postponement, European leaders hoped Britain’s deadlocked politicians would find a solution to the crisis. But the EU isn’t counting on it. The European Commission said on Monday it had completed planning for a no-deal Brexit, calling that outcome “increasingly likely”.
May stands little chance of getting the deal she struck with the EU approved unless she can win over Brexit-backing legislators in her Conservative Party and its Northern Irish ally, the Democratic Unionist Party. The DUP said Monday the party’s “position remains unchanged”.
May has come under intense pressure to quit the prime minister’s post as the price of winning support for the deal.
At a meeting on Sunday at the prime minister’s country retreat, Chequers, prominent Brexiteers told May they might back the deal – if she agreed to step down so a new leader could take charge of the next phase of negotiations, which deals with Britain’s future relations with the EU.
Former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, who attended the meeting and is likely to be a contender in any future Conservative leadership race, accused the government of lacking “gumption” and chickening out on delivering Brexit.
Britain’s best-selling newspaper, The Sun, put a call on its front page for the prime minister to resign under the headline “Time’s up, Theresa.”
‘Death Star of politics’
May is hanging on, hoping she can persuade Brexit-backing MPs that rejecting her deal means Britain may never leave the EU.
She told lawmakers that Britain would not leave the EU without a deal unless Parliament – which has already rejected the idea – voted for it.
She added that cancelling Brexit “must not happen” while “a slow Brexit” that involved a long delay to Britain’s departure “is not a Brexit that will bring the British people together”.
Opponents of Brexit feel the political tide may be turning in their favour. Hundreds of thousands of people marched through London on Saturday calling for a new referendum on whether to leave the EU or remain.
“Brexit is like the Death Star of politics,” Conservative legislator George Freeman said. “I always feared it would be like this. It’s destroying and soaking up all the prime minister’s room for manoeuvre and political goodwill.
“I’ve never known this country so divided, so angry and in such a dangerous state,” he said.