Up to 450 detained following deadly caste violence in India

Arrests come following Maratha minority’s protests demanding quotas to ensure jobs in government and education.

A man waves a flag as he blocks a road during a protest, organised by Maharashtra state''s Maratha community, to press their demands for reserved quotas in government jobs and college places for studen
A man waves a flag as he blocks a road during a protest organised by Maharashtra state's Maratha community to press their demands [Danish Siddiqui/Reuters]

At least 450 people have been detained in the Indian state of Maharashtra after clashes erupted between thousands of protesters from the Maratha minority and police charging with batons and firing tear gas, officials said.

Like other communities in India, the Marathas, who make up around 30 percent of the western state’s 110 million people, want quotas or “reservations” to ensure they get jobs in the government and education.

“We have detained 447 people for their involvement in arson and stone-pelting and action will be taken against them,” Deepak Deoraj, a spokesperson for Mumbai police, told AFP a day after the clashes on Wednesday.

The protests, which began on Monday in the city of Thane and spread across the state, saw demonstrators set cars and buses on fire, throw stones at trains and block railways and two major roads.

More than 30,000 police were deployed, in places using tear gas and baton charges to disperse the crowds. Three officers were injured, police said, as well as an unknown number of demonstrators.

The protests were sparked when a Maratha community activist jumped to his death from a bridge on Monday.

Another activist killed himself with poison on Wednesday, while a police officer died in clashes on Tuesday.

However, more demonstrations were called off by Maratha groups late on Wednesday after state chief minister Devendra Fadnavis called for talks with the community.

“We are monitoring the situation to prevent further violent incidents and have detained 20 people in the Thane region,” Sukhada Narkar, a spokesperson for Thane police, told AFP.


The Marathas have for years been pressing for more state jobs. A rally attended by hundreds of thousands paralysed Mumbai last year. One bid to give them more jobs was cancelled by an Indian court in 2014.

Maharashtra is an important agricultural state but in recent years poor rains have led to crop failures. Many Marathas were among more than 2,500 farmers who committed suicide in the state in 2017, according to official figures.

Jobs campaigns by groups like the Marathas and the Patidars in Gujarat state have claimed many lives in recent years. 

On Wednesday, a court in Gujarat sentenced a firebrand Patidar leader, Hardik Patel, to two years in prison for rioting and arson during 2015 jobs protests that left 10 dead.

“If it is a sin to fight for social justice and rights, then I am a sinner,” tweeted a defiant Patel, who was granted bail soon after the conviction.

Source: Al Jazeera, News Agencies