The centre of the picturesque lakeside town was heavily damaged in a campaign of shelling and aerial bombing.
Leaders of the Philippines’ largest Muslim rebel group have warned of a growing frustration in the southern island of Mindanao over the delay in the implementation of a 2014 peace agreement it signed with the government.
Ghazali Jaafar, vice chairman of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), told a constitutional reform panel on Tuesday, that Muslim groups are “tired of waiting” to achieve real autonomy for their people.
“This is precisely why some of our former comrades bolted from us, and how they are fighting with us because they are frustrated, so to speak, with the way the government is handling the negotiation,” Jaafar, who is one of the main authors of a proposed Muslim autonomy law, was quoted as saying by local news.
The senior MILF leader’s statement comes as government troops launched an offensive against the breakaway armed group, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) last week, killing at least 44 of its fighters and wounding 26 others in Mindanao’s Maguindanao province.
For Ghazali, the proposed law is “the most civilised and peaceful way” to end the decades-long conflict in the country’s south, and prevent more clashes, such as those against the BIFF, from breaking out.
“We are fed up, to be truthful to you,” he said. “We are tired of corruption, we are tired of nepotism and all things that hold back our Muslim homeland.”
He pleaded to give the Muslim minorities a chance to catch up with the rest of the country in terms of economic progress.
President Rodrigo Duterte has committed to support the autonomy law, and promised to press Congress to approve it.
The rebels, who dropped their secessionist bid in exchange for broader autonomy, signed a pact with the government to establish a region with more powers and funding for minority Muslims in the south of the predominantly Roman Catholic nation and end a decades-long bloody rebellion.
The peace pact would have been a major legacy of Duterte’s predecessor, Benigno Aquino III, but the legislation stalled in Congress in 2015 after some rebels from the 11,000-strong MILF became entangled in fighting that killed 44 police commandos during a government operation in the town of Mamasapano.
The commandos managed to kill top Malaysian “terror” suspect Zulkifli bin Hir, who had long been wanted by the United States, but the large number of police deaths sparked public outrage and prompted politicians to stall passage of the autonomy bill.
Last year, MILF Chairman Al Haj Murad Ebrahim had said the delay in the passage of the autonomy law paved the way for the emergence of other armed groups in Mindanao.
During the Duterte administration, the passage of the autonomy law was stalled anew after armed fighters belonging to the Abu Sayyaf Group and Maute group, which had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group, launched a siege of a major city in Mindanao.
The siege of Marawi lasted for five months and left about a thousand people killed, including over a hundred soldiers.
The conflict has left about 150,000 people dead and stunted development in the resource-rich but poverty-wracked region.
A previous peace agreement in 2008 was struck down by the Philippines’ Supreme Court, which rejected it as unconstitutional, leading to renewed fighting.