US scales back military drills to support North Korea diplomacy

US and South Korea in discussions over scope of 2019 ‘Foal Eagle’ military exercises. Decision expected next month.

Foal Eagle
A US Navy F18 fighter jet takes off from the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson during the 2017 ''Foal Eagle'' joint military exercises between South Korea and the United States [Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters]

US Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis said on Wednesday a joint military exercise with South Korea called “Foal Eagle” would be reduced in scope next year so it does not harm diplomatic efforts with North Korea.

“Foal Eagle is being reorganised a bit to keep it at a level that will not be harmful to diplomacy,” Mattis told reporters.

The Foal Eagle field exercise, which usually involves thousands of combined ground, air, naval and special operations troops from the militaries of South Korea and the United States, takes place every spring.

Mattis did not provide details on what a scaled-back version of the exercise would entail.

South Korea’s defence ministry said on Thursday the allies were still in talks over next year’s drill and they would formally announce their decision early next month.

“Both sides’ militaries are discussing ways to prop up the two governments’ diplomatic efforts to bring progress on North Korea’s denuclearisation,” spokeswoman Choi Hyun-soo told a news briefing in Seoul.

US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un agreed at an unprecedented summit in June to work towards denuclearisation and peace on the Korean Peninsula and establish new relations.

Focus on denuclearisation

The US and South Korea have suspended a number of military exercises since then to encourage talks with North Korea.

However, negotiations have made little headway, with the North upset by Washington’s insistence that international sanctions must remain until the country gives up its nuclear weapons.

Trump caught many US officials off guard when he announced after his summit with Kim that the US was suspending the summer’s joint military drills with South Korea, known as Ulchi Freedom Guardian.

Trump-Kim summit: US to ‘end war games’ on Korean Peninsula

The new commander of US forces in South Korea, General Robert Abrams, said in September the decision to suspend some joint exercises was a “prudent risk” but had caused a “slight degradation” in military readiness.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said this week the US had told the South it should not improve ties with North Korea faster than Pyongyang takes steps to give up its nuclear weapons.

In a rare sign of discord between Seoul and Washington last month, South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha said Pompeo had expressed “discontent” at an inter-Korean military pact reached during a summit in September.

Source: Reuters