South Korea is in the grip of a “spycam” epidemic with covert footage of sex, nudity, and urination posted online in what amounts to a “social death penalty” for thousands of female victims.
The footage may be taken surreptitiously by boyfriends or captured on covert devices as small as car keys. Daily camera checks are now part of life for cleaners in many public toilets.
The spy camera phenomenon has reached such epidemic proportions in tech-savvy South Korea that tens of thousands of women have taken to the streets to march for action.
Under fire for moving too slowly, the government enacted a slew of measures, including the formation of a taskforce to help victims and increased inspections in risky public places.
In April, the 16-member task force launched a free service to help victims remove illicitly filmed footage from the internet – the team has been inundated. So far, it has handled some 15,000 requests to remove footage and counselled 3,000-plus victims.
“The situation is getting out of hand,” said Ryu Hye-jin from the government-backed Women’s Human Rights Institute of Korea, which oversees the taskforce. “Since the establishment of the task force, many victims have called and reached out to us.”
Perpetrators typically use tiny devices that can easily film women in public places, such as toilets or changing rooms, and later sell the footage to pornography sites for profit.
The footage shows women undressing or having sex and can be sold for up to 100,000 won ($90).
In many cases, the filming is done by partners – with or without consent – at homes or in hotels, and later used as a form of revenge if the relationship turns sour.
“It sends the victims into depression because there is no end to it. It is on the internet forever. It’s a social death penalty,” said Ryu.
Women who fall victims to the hidden camera have previously turned to “digital laundries”, private firms that remove the videos for a fee, giving rise to a lucrative, new industry. However, the new task force now offers the same services for free, and has taken over the bulk of such work.
The number of spycam cases jumped to nearly 6,500 in 2017, from about 2,400 in 2012, according to Yonhap news agency.
Campaigner Park Soo-yeon said many victims were not even aware they were the subject of such videos, and were reluctant to speak out when they did find out, cowed by social stigma.
“These are the people who are trying to hide themselves as much as possible,” Park, who always carries a hidden camera detector, said at her office in the suburbs of the capital Seoul.
A fierce government critic, the 22-year-old activist founded the group Digital Sexual Crime Out in 2015 and was credited with bringing down a notorious porn website, Soranet, in 2016.
The illicit website, set up in 1999 and which had claimed more than a million users, had hosted thousands of videos of women that were filmed without their consent.
“What we need to tell people is that this is a crime, this is sexual violence, this is not porn,” said Park, who called for the sales of hidden cameras to be tightened and regulated.
It is virtually impossible to wipe all online traces of illicit images.
“These websites are all over the world and every country has different laws. It is really hard to get to a point where we can punish all the perpetrators,” said Song Eugene, a counsellor at the taskforce.
She said it has been difficult for victims to speak up about the issue in South Korea, where discussions about women’s rights are still sometimes seen as taboo in a male-dominated society.
“It’s important for women to speak up about the issue to create awareness about the pain that has been inflicted.”
Ryu said there was no way to stop such crimes so long as women were routinely seen as sex objects. “What we need is to change the way our society treats our women,” she said.