Country sitting on world’s biggest oil reserves is now region’s poorest performer in terms of GDP growth per capita.
Here are the latest developments on Venezuela:
Venezuela’s constituent assembly unanimously votes to hold presidential elections by the end of April, 2018. Maduro said he is “ready to be a candidate” and would stand if the Socialist Party asks him.
Maduro says government wins 90 percent of mayorships. Ruling Socialist Party won at least 90 percent of the 335 mayorships contested in local elections, President Maduro said on Sunday.
Venezuelans go to the polls. On Sunday, Venezuelans will vote for the mayors of 335 municipalities.
Venezuela to launch cryptocurrency. Nicolas Maduro looked to the world of digital currency to circumvent US-led financial sanctions, announcing the launch of the “petro” backed by oil reserves.
“Venezuela will create a cryptocurrency,” backed by oil, gas, gold and diamond reserves, Maduro said.
“This process is difficult, heavy, hard and full of debate and confrontation,” said Julio Borges, president of the opposition-led congress, adding he hoped the two sides could come closer on December 15.
Five of six Citgo executives arrested on graft allegations are US citizens. All six men are being held in the headquarters of Venezuela’s military counterintelligence department in Caracas.
Creditors rule Venezuela state oil firm PDVSA in default. On Thursday, a committee of creditors ruled that Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA has defaulted on its debt.
Venezuela has borrowed billions of dollars from Russia and China, primarily through oil-for-loan deals.
Ex-prosecutor wants Maduro tried at the Hague. Venezuela’s former chief prosecutor on Thursday asked the International Criminal Court to capture and try President Nicolas Maduro and other top officials for crimes against humanity.
Government and opposition to resume dialogue effort. Venezuela’s government and opposition will resume efforts to hold dialogue, the third attempt in a year.
Information Minister Jorge Rodriguez said on Twitter, “the dialogue continues on November 15 in the Dominican Republic.”
New Sanctions. On Thursday the United States slapped more sanctions targeting 10 officials it said engaged in election irregularities.
EU to impose arms embargo. European Union ambassadors have agreed to ban the sale of weapons and surveillance technologies to Venezuela.
Opposition parties to boycott elections. Three of Venezuela’s opposition parties: Justice First, Popular Will and Democratic Action, announced on Monday they will boycott municipal elections in December in protest against an election system they say is biased, and instead will focus on demanding reforms to the election board in anticipation of next year’s presidential poll.
Venezuela, PDVSA bonds rise. Bonds issued by Venezuela and PDVSA rose in price as the state oil company began the process of making payments on the 2020 bonds, easing short-term worries about default.
Moscow to restructure Venezuela’s debt. Russia said on Friday it had generally agreed with Venezuela on terms to restructure a total of $3bn of its debts to Moscow, including a postponement of debt repayment.
Venezuelan officials arrested for US probe. Spanish authorities arrested a former Venezuelan deputy minister and three former executives at Venezuelan state companies for alleged links to money laundering and international corruption, as part of a US probe, according to Spain’s Civil Guard.
New governor dismissed. The newly elected opposition governor of Venezuela’s western Zulia state, Juan Pablo Guanipa, was dismissed on Thursday by the local state legislature after he refused to swear loyalty to the Constituent Assembly, also known as the National Assembly.
Lima group calls for more sanction. The Lima Group, who has denounced Maduro’s government, has agreed that more steps may be needed to isolate the country. Canada , a member of the group, has said if need be “concrete steps” can be taken to isolate the government of Venezuela from the international community and that Canada is mulling a second round of sanctions against Venezuelan officials.
Government crackdown on corruption. Orlando Chacin, a top executive at Venezuela’s PDVSA, and ten other oil executives were arrested as part of the government’s crackdown on corruption. The accusations include overpricing and non-execution of planned projects.
Opposition demoralised. Venezuela’s young opposition supporters are demoralised by the shock election defeat they suffered this month.
Venezuelan state elections may be repeated in the five states won by the opposition if the governors-elect continue to refuse to be sworn in by the National Assembly.
Authorities have mandated that all elected governors participate in a ceremony before the pro-government Constituent Assembly, but the five opposition winners did not take part.
“Anyone who wants to be governor will have to recognise the Constituent National Assembly; otherwise elections will be repeated in states where the Assembly is not recognised,” Maduro said.
President Donald Trump’s third attempt to ban travel to the US from several countries has been blocked, hours before the executive order was to go into full effect in a number of countries, including Venezuela.
The ban would apply to members of the government, military police, intelligence services and anyone that could have been involved in human rights abuses.
The US says the sanctions are destined to hurt the government, but people in Venezuela remain defiant to the latest threat from the US.
Responding to the accusations of fraud, Maduro said on Tuesday that Venezuela’s electoral process is “the most audited and secure in the world”, adding that “nobody can commit fraud”.
“We met [with the opposition] more than 100 times, I have the evidence,” Maduro said.
“However the empire has given an order, not to recognise this victory … but we will respond to this.” “They [the opposition] do not have the capacity to make their own decisions, and we do not know who in Washington is answering to their calls,” he added.
President Nicolas Maduro approved an audit of the ballots, and said his government had scored an “emphatic victory” over its rivals.
Maduro also criticised international media coverage of the election: “I’ve been tuning into the BBC, CNN and others, and today’s elections were completely ignored”.
“This is one of the best electoral processes, audited several times by all parties and political actors,” said Alfredo Arevalo, the Ecuadorian representative of the Council of Electoral Experts of Latin America
President Nicolas Maduro’s Socialist Party won a landslide 17 out of 23 states in Venezuela’s regional elections, according to official results announced by the National Elections Council.
The opposition Democratic Union Roundtable (MUD) coalition, which earlier said the upcoming results were “suspicious”, took only five of the states, said the council.
Venezuelans go to the ballot box on Sunday to vote in regional elections, postponed since December 2016.
The ruling Socialist Party currently controls 20 of 23 state governorships but this could be a chance for the opposition Democratic Unity coalition to score a victory, according to polls.
Two hundred voting centres have been relocated on security grounds.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s approval rating rose to 23 percent in September, up 6 percentage points from 17 percent in July, according to a poll by local firm Datanalisis.
The rebound followed several rounds of sanctions by US President Donald Trump’s administration as well as a sharp drop-off in four months of violent anti-government protests.
Nearly 52 percent of respondents opposed the Trump administration sanctions that came in response to the creation of a legislative super body called the Constituent Assembly.
“Negotiation is not to go and waste time, to look at someone’s face, but rather so that Venezuelans can have immediate solutions,” opposition leader Henrique Capriles told reporters.
President Donald Trump warned on Monday that Venezuela is “collapsing”, suggesting the United States may take additional steps to restore democracy.
Trump told Latin American allies gathered on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly that President Nicolas “Maduro defied his own people” and was guilty of “disastrous rule” that may necessitate further punitive measures.
“The Venezuelan people are starving. Their country is collapsing,” he said.
The meeting was attended by Colombia’s Juan Manuel Santos, Brazil’s Michel Temer, Panama’s Juan Carlos Varela and Argentina’s vice president Gabriela Michetti.
President Nicolas Maduro has predicted a new foreign-led effort to mediate Venezuela’s political crisis would produce a deal soon, but the opposition said it would not accept another time-wasting “show”.
Both sides sent delegations to meet the Dominican Republic’s president this week for a possible start to a negotiated solution.
“After weeks of conversations, we are close to an agreement of political co-existence of peace and sovereignty,” Maduro said in a speech on Friday. “We’re very near.”
But the opposition insisted the talks in Santo Domingo were only “exploratory” and said it would not proceed without firm guarantees of democratic change. They want a date for the next presidential election, due by the end of 2018, with guarantees it will be free and fair, plue freedom for hundreds of jailed activists, a foreign humanitarian corridor, and respect for the opposition-led congress.
“If we don’t have iron-clad guarantees … that everything is leading to democratic change … we won’t take a step more,” Julio Borges, the leader of the opposition-led congress, told reporters on Saturday, recalling failed 2016 Vatican-led talks. “We want to avoid a repeat of last year’s show.”
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said on Tuesday his government was prepared to meet the opposition for talks, offering a glimpse of a breakthrough in a political standoff marked by months of deadly protests.
He told his ministers he would accept to undertake talks brokered by Dominican Republic President Danilo Medina and ex-Spanish premier Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero.
“Zapatero and President Medina know very well that I have been a promoter of this dialogue and I accept this new day of dialogue,” Maduro said.
Maduro appointed influential Caracas politician Jorge Rodriguez as his representative at the talks, and said he would leave for the Dominican Republic “in the next few hours”.
The opposition announced in turn that it would hold an exploratory meeting on Wednesday with the Dominican president. However, it insisted it did not mean it was the beginning of formal talks with the government.
The United Nations human rights chief has said that Venezuelan security forces may have committed “crimes against humanity” against protesters and called for an international investigation.
“My investigation suggests the possibility that crimes against humanity may have been committed, which can only be confirmed by a subsequent criminal investigation,” Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein told the UN Human Rights Council on Monday.
But Venezuela’s foreign minister defended the record of the government of President Nicolas Maduro, rejecting the allegations as “baseless”.
Venezuela’s opposition-led congress leaders met with French President Emmanuel Macron to press for humanitarian aid to thei crisis-hit nation.
“I stressed the urgency of opening up the door to humanitarian aid in Venezuela,” congress President Julio Borges said.
The meeting with the French president took place on the first leg of a European tour seeking support against President Nicolas Maduro.
A prominent Venezuelan opposition activist has been barred from leaving the country for planned meetings with leaders of France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Lilian Tintori on Saturday posted a photo on Twitter of herself at Caracas’ international airport holding a document from migration authorities ordering the seizure of her passport before she was to board an afternoon flight.
No explanation was given, but the move came a day after she was ordered to appear before a judge on Tuesday to answer questions about the 200 million bolivars found in her car.
Venezuelan former defence minister Raul Isaias Baduel, a government critic whose whereabouts have been unknown for three weeks, is being held by the intelligence service, his family has said.
Baduel’s daughter Andreina told a press conference the family were only told of his whereabouts in a phone call from new attorney general Tarek William Saab, and that she and her brother were taken to see him.
Considered by the opposition to be one of the country’s most prominent political prisoners, the retired former army chief, 62, was “wearing the same clothes” as when he was last seen on August 8 during his transfer from a military prison outside Caracas, his daughter said.
Baduel was due to be released last March after serving a nearly eight-year sentence for corruption.
However, the prosecutor’s office charged him with alleged conspiracy to oust Maduro for which he could face up to 26 years in prison.
Venezuela’s all-powerful constitutional assembly has passed a decree ordering authorities to investigate and try those believed responsible for supporting new US economic sanctions.
Venezuela has kicked off two days of nationwide military drills seen as a deterrent against military intervention by the United States.
War planes, tanks, and 200,000 troops of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces (FANB) were deployed along with 700,000 reserves and civil militia members as the exercises formally launched on Saturday.
“Against the belligerent threats of the United States, all Venezuelans between the ages of 18 and 60 are required to contribute to the integral defence of the nation,” said an announcement broadcast on state television.
The financial sanctions imposed by the US on Venezuela are the “worst aggression to Venezuela in the last 200 years,” Venezuela’s foreign minister said on Friday after meetings at the UN.
Jorge Arreaza said it was possible the US was trying to “promote a humanitarian crisis” in the country.
“What do they want? Do they want to starve the Venezuelan people? What is it they are looking for? We really don’t understand,” Arreaza said.
The White House has ruled out any near-term intervention in Venezuela, two weeks after President Donald Trump raised the specter of military action in the crisis-wracked country.
“We always look at a broad range of contingencies of how this might evolve in the future,” Trump’s National Security Adviser HR McMaster said on Friday during a White House briefing.
“Any decision will be in conjunction with the partners of the region and military actions are not anticipated in the near future.”
The US has slapped sweeping financial sanctions on Venezuela, dramatically ratcheting up tensions between the two countries and making it harder for President Nicolas Maduro to raise badly needed funds to prevent a debt default.
The sanctions US President Donald Trump signed by executive order prohibit financial institutions from providing new money to the government or sate oil company PDVSA.
Venezuela’s future constitution, to be written by a new assembly packed with allies of President Nicolas Maduro, will be put to a referendum, the pro-government lawmakers have announced.
The 545 members of the Constituent Assembly – which has seized power from the opposition-led legislature, and drawn international scorn – unanimously decided they would approve the text and then set a referendum date.
Venezuela’s former top prosecutor, who fled to neighbouring Colombia last week, may freely enter and leave the South American country for the next six months, Bogota said, in a move likely to anger President Nicolas Maduro.
Following her removal from her post as prosecutor, she fled Venezuela for Colombia with her lawmaker husband.
US Vice President Mike Pence vowed on Wednesday that the US would not allow “the collapse of Venezuela,” saying such an event would “endanger” countries in the wider region.
“We will not stand by as Venezuela crumbles,” Pence told a sympathetic crowd of Venezuelans in South Florida.
He also said the US will use its economic and diplomatic power to push for free elections, adding that there were more sanctions to come.
Venezuela’s former chief prosecutor has resurfaced in Brazil, warning that her life remains in danger and claiming to possess “a lot” of proof of President Nicolas Maduro’s corruption.
Speaking at a crime-fighting conference in the capital, Brasilia, Luisa Ortega said on Wednesday: “I have received threats that there may be an attempt against my life and I hold the Venezuelan government responsible if this happens.”
President Maduro said he would seek international cooperation to arrest her.
“Venezuela is going to ask Interpol to issue a red notice against these people involved in serious crimes,” Maduro told a news conference, referring to ex-chief prosecutor Luisa Ortega and her lawmaker husband.
Congress’s declaration of resistance followed statements from a group of 12 regional nations plus the United States saying they would continue to regard congress as the Venezuela ‘s only legitimate lawmaking body.
Venezuela’s National Assembly convened Saturday in defiance of a declaration by the new Constituent Assembly that it was seizing full powers from the opposition-led legislature.
The move Friday by the Constituent Assembly, which is loyal to socialist President Nicolas Maduro, was angrily rejected by opposition leaders and has drawn widespread international condemnation as a power grab by Maduro loyalists.
Colombian migration authorities confirmed that chief prosecutor Luisa Ortega Diaz and her husband German Ferrer landed in Bogota aboard a private plane from Aruba.
The Supreme Court ordered Ferrer’s arrest on Thursday, accusing him of being part of a $6m extortion ring.
Venezuela’s new legislative superbody gave itself the power to pass laws, superseding the opposition-led congress and fuelling criticism by government adversaries that socialist President Nicolas Maduro is consolidating a dictatorship.
Venezuela will hunt down and jail leaders of violent protests, its new top prosecutor said, a day before a hate crimes law is expected to be approved despite fears it will be used to crush dissent.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov stressed the need to resolve the crisis peacefully and without external intervention.
“We are united in the need to rapidly overcome the disagreements that exist in the country exclusively in a peaceful manner, through national dialogue without any kind of pressure from the outside” Lavrov said.
Brazil’s Former President Lula da Silva said on Tuesday that Maduro’s actions do not justify a military intervention in the country.
“We can not allow that whatever mistake Nicolas Maduro committed or will commit, allows the US president to say he will use force to overthrow him”
“President Trump has made it very clear that we will not stand by while Venezuela collapses into a dictatorship,” US Vice President Mike Pence told reporters in Cartagena, Colombia, according to Reuters news agency.
“A failed state in Venezuela threatens the security and prosperity of our entire hemisphere and the people of the United States of America,” he added.
A country-wide manhunt was launched in Venezuela for the men who assaulted an army base.
Defence Minister Vladimir Padrino said in a televised address that two of the men who attacked the base had been shot dead and eight captured. About 10 others are on the run.
“This band of criminals did not act out of noble ideals or patriotic principles of any kind. They operated as mercenaries paid by extreme right-wing groups in Miami,” he said.
Two people have been killed and at least eight others captured in an armed attack by “terrorists” on a Venezuelan military base, President Maduro announced on state television.
Military officials said the rebels, whom they described as “terrorists,” were trying to steal weapons.
Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez was returned to house arrest after being detained in military prison for four days, his wife Lilian Tintori said.
“They just moved Leopoldo home,” Tintori wrote on Twitter. “We continue with more conviction and strength for peace and freedom in Venezuela!”
— Luisa Ortega Díaz (@lortegadiaz) August 5, 2017
Maduro, however, said that he had no intention of deviating from plans to rewrite the constitution and lashed out at US sanctions, saying the move smacked of “imperialism”.
“They don’t intimidate me. The threats and sanctions of the empire don’t intimidate me for a moment,” Maduro told a cheering audience. “I don’t listen to orders from the empire, not now or ever.”
Sanctions came as electoral authorities said more than eight million Venezuelans voted on Sunday to create a constitutional assembly – a turnout doubted by independent analysts.
The election, which spurred unrest that killed at least 10 people, was labelled illegitimate by leaders across the Americas and Europe.
Venezuela voted to select a new constitutional assembly.
In the capital, Caracas, violence has flared with police firing tear gas at protesters boycotting the vote.
At least nine people have died in election-related violence in the country.
Venezuelan President suggested talks with opposition parties before votes to elect a constituent assembly.
A national strike led by the opposition is now in its second day.
Four days before the national vote to elect a Constituent Assembly, Venezuela’s opposition called on citizens to join a civic strike for 48 hours.
The strikes and march are intended to voice disapproval with President Nicolas Maduro’s plan to rewrite the constitution
The government announced it will go ahead with a election of a Constituent Assembly on July 30, despite a threat of economic sanctions by US President Donald Trump .
Elections to the National Constituent Assembly is an act of political sovereignty. Nothing and nobody can stop it. The Constituent Assembly is happening” Foreign Minister Samuel Moncada said in a speech at the foreign ministry.
Venezuela’s opposition officials called for a nationwide strike against President Maduro to protest against his plan to rewrite the constitution.
The 24-hour strike was part of what the opposition called a “final offensive” aimed at forcing Maduro out through early elections, before his term ends in 2019.
The opposition asked voters if they support the government’s plan to elect a National Constituent Assembly that will overhaul the 1999 constitution.
The plebiscite did not have the support of the electoral power nor the government, which considers it illegal.
Thousands gather in an east Caracas square on Sunday to hear opposition figures including the wife of Lopez, Lilian Tintori, speak.
At least 91 people have died in three months of street clashes between protesters and police, troops and government loyalists.
Dozens of pro-government activists have stormed the grounds of Venezuela’s National Assembly and attacked politicians, leaving several injured.
“I am not going condone a circus that will stain our history with shame and pain and whose decision is foretold,” Ortega told a news conference at the public prosecution department.
“I have committed no crime nor errors and I am not going to submit to this unconstitutional and illegitimate court,” she added. “We already know that today I will be removed from my post.”
The government looked for the police officer who’s suspected of carrying out a helicopter attack on the Supreme Tribunal.
Venezuela’s chief state prosecutor says she will defy a supreme court ruling that partially strips her of her duties.
Protesters are again on the streets demanding the resignation of President Nicolas Maduro.
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro put the military on alert.
“I have activated the entire armed forces to defend the peace,” Maduro said.
“Sooner or later, we are going to capture that helicopter and those that carried out this terrorist attack.”
A police helicopter dropped grenades on Venezuela’s supreme court building and fired shots at the interior ministry.
President Maduro labelled this as a “terror attack” against his government.
Information minister Ernesto Villegas said the stolen helicopter fired 15 shots on the ministry in Caracas
In the afternoon, a video is released showing men with assault rifles flanking Oscar Perez, a former member of the forensic police force, known as the CICPC.
Movimiento Estudiantil students marched to CONATEL to deliver a document critisicing censorship in Venezuela.
The march was not impeded by authorities and they successfully delivered their statements.
Opposition politicians called for a march to protest against food shortages.
At least 63 people have been killed in street protests since April 1.
Nicolas Maduro pledged to hold a referendum on a new constitution
The move came after the plan to create a super-body known as a “constituent assembly” to rewrite the national charter
At an open-air rally Maduro signed a document formally establishing the terms for electing members of a “constituent assembly”
“Votes or bullets, what do the people want?” Maduro asked the crowd, presenting the proposed 540-member body as a way to defuse increasingly violent protests, which he says are part of a US-backed conspiracy to overthrow “21st-century socialism”.
The March of Health occurred in Caracas with demonstrators attempting to travel to the Ministry of Health headquarters to protest against the shortages of medicine and other essential medical supplies.
Police fired tear gas to drive them back in scenes familiar after weeks of turmoil.
Government protesters marked 50 days of their demonstrations.
At least 46 people have died in clashes since the protests began.
On the 50th day of consecutive protests, millions of Venezuelans protested in Caracas during the “We Are Millions” march.
The United States has imposed sanctions on Venezuela’s chief judge and seven other members of the country’s Supreme Tribunal as punishment for seizing powers from the opposition-led congress earlier this year.
Those sanctioned had their assets frozen within US jurisdiction, and US citizens were barred from doing business with them.
At least one person died as thousands of opponents of President Nicolas Maduro staged sit-ins and roadblocks across the country in a seventh week of anti-government rallies.
The national sit-in occurs with thousands of Venezuelans blocking designated areas of trafficking for up to 12 hours.
That brought the death toll since the start of the protests to at least 39 people.
Opposition leaders called for women to march dressed in white, a traditional show of defiance, against what they brand a repressive government.
In contrast, the government announced it would be organising its own women’s march in the western part of the capital, a traditional pro-Socialist stronghold.
Protesters, primarily students, marched in and around Caracas, with tear gas being used near the Central University of Venezuela.
Supporters of jailed Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez held a vigil outside his prison demanding to see him after rumours about his health rattled the protest-hit country.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro raised wages and handed out hundreds of free homes as part of efforts to counter a strengthening protest movement seeking his removal.
The announcements came as government supporters and Maduro’s opponents prepared for rival marches to commemorate May Day.
Juan Pablo Pernalete, a 20-year-old student, was killed by the impact of a tear gas canister in his chest during protests in Altamira.
Following the death of the student, the son of politician Tarek Saab uploaded a video on YouTube stating that he had protested that night and that, “That could’ve been me!”, and pleaded to his father saying:
“Dad, in this moment you have the power to end the injustice that has sunk this country. I ask you – as your son and in the name of Venezuela, to whom you serve – that you reflect on the situation and do what you have to do.”
Hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans participated in a silent march in memory of those killed.
For the first time, demonstrators were able to travel to western Caracas without being barricaded by authorities.
Twelve people were killed in Caracas overnight following two days of mass street protests.
The office of the Venezuelan attorney general said that eleven of those deaths were caused by electrocution and gunshot wounds in El Valle del Espiritu Santo.
The “mother of all marches,” as it was called by organisers, occurred.
Two Venezuelan students and one police officer died after being shot.
Later in the evening, a National Guard sergeant was killed and a colonel wounded when their squad was attacked with gunfire while trying to control disturbances in a city near Caracas.
He was the first person of authority killed in the year’s protests, with the day’s deaths raising the death toll of 2017 protests to at least eight people.
Venezuela’s defence minister declared the army’s “unconditional loyalty” to President Nicolas Maduro.
President Maduro ordered the expansion of the Venezuelan National Militia to involve 500,000 loyal Venezuelans.
Daniel Queliz, a 19-year-old student of the Arturo Michelena University, was shot and killed during a protest in Valencia by a Carabobo Police officer.
More than 50 individuals wounded were reported.
During the protests, 16 subway stations and 19 Caracas Metrobus routes were closed.
The Supreme Tribunal was attacked by violent protesters, burning furniture, breaking windows and damaging the front door.
Venezuelan authorities banned top opposition leader Henrique Capriles from running for office for 15 years.
“When the dictatorship squeals, it’s a sign we’re advancing,” he said in a speech surrounded by other leading opposition figures, many of whom themselves have been targeted. “The only one who is disqualified here is you, Nicolas Maduro.”
Venezuelan authorities confirmed a young man was killed during protests and vowed to investigate the death, the first since a controversy over the Supreme Tribunal blew up.
Jairo Ortiz, a 19-year-old student of the Bicentenary University of Aragua, was shot and killed while protesting in Carrizal, Miranda.
With thousands out, supporters of the 54-year-old president organised their own rally.
“They want an intervention in Venezuela,” said Juan Aponte, 34, who wore the red colours of the governing Socialist Party.
The Venezuelan constitutional crisis began, when the immunity was taken away from opposition parliamentarians by the Supreme Tribunal.
The government assumed legislative powers of the opposition-controlled National Assembly.