Social media and the case for Marcellus Williams
How social media came together to campaign against the execution of Marcellus Williams.
Anti-death penalty campaigners in the United States on Tuesday hailed Missouri Governor Eric Greitens’ decision to stay the execution of Marcellus Williams, a man convicted in 2001 of the murder of Lisha Gayle.
Despite new DNA evidence that Williams’ lawyers argue supports his claim to innocence, Missouri courts decided to continue with the execution.
But in his statement, Greitens said he would appoint a Board of Inquiry to examine the new evidence and recommend whether he should commute Williams’ sentence.
“To carry out the death penalty, the people of Missouri must have confidence in the judgment of guilt,” Greitens said, just four hours before Williams was scheduled to be put to death.
READ MORE: Missouri halts execution of Marcellus Williams
Before the governor’s statement, more than 200,000 people had signed a petition asking for the governor’s intervention.
At the same time, an energetic social media campaign helped bring the case to the attention of the wider public – and for some, this played a key part in Greitens’ decision.
“The attention this got was really important,” Ken Gipson, Williams’ lawyer, told Al Jazeera. “The decision showed that when people speak, politicians want to listen.”
Staci Pratt, executive director of human rights organisation Missourians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, agreed.
“The voices of the people definitely mattered. Over 200,000 people have signed the petition, calls have been ringing, and his [Greitens’] voicemail box was often full.”
One of the most influential figures in the campaign was Sister Helen Prejean, who has been advocating for the abolishment of the death penalty for decades.
Prejean rose to fame after she wrote Dead Man Walking, a book-turned-Academy Award-winning film that describes her experiences while fighting against the death penalty.
Prejean took to Twitter last week after Missouri courts refused to look at the new DNA evidence that might prove Williams’ innocence.
DNA says Marcellus Williams didn't kill Felicia Gayle, but the Missouri Supreme Court wants to let his execution go ahead anyway. Thread:
— Sister Helen Prejean (@helenprejean) August 16, 2017
READ MORE: Marcellus Williams faces execution despite new evidence
After Prejean’s tweet, the story gained traction, leading to further media attention.
On Tuesday night, Prejean took again to Twitter to thank everyone who used social media to bring Williams’ story to the attention of many people.
Acknowledging the power of Twitter in such cases, she said: “It took me a while to embrace social media, but it’s been a very positive force in our work to stop executions and end capital punishment.”
It took me a while to embrace social media, but it's been a very positive force in our work to stop executions and end capital punishment.
— Sister Helen Prejean (@helenprejean) August 23, 2017
Others also argued that it was mostly the massive campaign on social media that led to Greitens’ decision.
Andrew Stroehlein, media director for Human Rights Watch Europe, also acknowledged the role of social media in Greitens’ decision to name a Board of Inquiry, saying it was Twitter that helped save Williams’ life:
For those who missed it: Apparently Twitter helped save a life last night…
— Andrew Stroehlein (@astroehlein) August 23, 2017
Social media literally saved the life of #marcelluswilliams ….They were planning on executing an innocent man
— Tariq Nasheed 🇺🇸 (@tariqnasheed) August 22, 2017
Read more: Marcellus Williams faces execution despite new evidence
After the postponement, civil rights activist Shaun King, who tweeted several times about Williams in the lead-up to the planned execution, advocated for the abolishment of the death penalty, saying it is mostly poor people who cannot afford expensive lawyers who end up on death row.
Do this. pic.twitter.com/C77sAuMgfx
— Shaun King (@shaunking) August 22, 2017
Abolish the death penalty.
At least call it what it truly is: A penalty for poor people who can't afford designer legal defense teams.
— Shaun King (@shaunking) August 22, 2017
Others thanked Greitens for deciding to appoint a Board of Inquiry to look at the case, with many saying the governor had “made the right decision”, as Orange is the New Black actress Danielle Brooks put it.
Really, really good news. Nice to see a politician with a spine. https://t.co/HYdtM9xxM3
— Leonard Pitts, Jr. (@LeonardPittsJr1) August 22, 2017
Yes!! @EricGreitens you did the right thing today!!! #MarcellusWilliams https://t.co/Tg9MNvU7ZP
— Danielle Brooks (@thedanieb) August 22, 2017
READ MORE: Marcellus Williams and the US’ ‘broken justice system’
In a statement, Missouri State Senator Jamilah Nasheed said she was “extremely grateful that Governor Greitens stayed the execution” but that the state of Missouri “owes it to both Williams and murder victim Lisha Gayle to find the answers that have eluded them for so many years”.
My statement on today’s stay of #MarcellusWilliams pic.twitter.com/I4jAvn86sF
My statement on today's stay of #MarcellusWilliams pic.twitter.com/I4jAvn86sF
— Jamilah Nasheed (@SenatorNasheed) August 23, 2017
A Board of Inquiry consisting of five former Missouri judges will now look at Williams’ case again, including the new DNA evidence.