Brazil yellow fever 'kills hundreds of monkeys'

Dozens of humans and over 600 monkeys reportedly dead in rainforest region amid country's worst outbreak in decades.

    Brazil yellow fever 'kills hundreds of monkeys'
    A drop in sounds from the howler monkeys sparked an investigation [Getty Images]

    An outbreak of yellow fever has claimed the lives of more than 600 monkeys and dozens of humans in Brazil's Atlantic rainforest region, threatening the survival of rare South American primates, according to a zoologist.

    The monkeys, mostly brown howlers and masked titis, are falling out of trees and dying on the ground in the forests of Espirito Santo state in Brazil's southeast.

    "The number of dead monkeys increases every day," said Sergio Lucena, a professor at the Federal University of Espírito Santo.

    Referring to the impact of the disease's spread in his state, he said: "We now know that the rare buffy-headed marmoset is also threatened by the yellow fever virus and dying."

    The howler's sounds closely resemble grunts or barks. It was the silence that fell on the forests that first alerted farmers that something was amiss, sparking specialists to investigate.

    The masked titi is considered "vulnerable" by the Swiss-based International Union for Conservation of Nature, which has placed it on its Red List of Threatened Species.

    No evidence has so far surfaced of the affliction affecting woolly spider monkeys, considered one of the world's most endangered by the IUCN.

    Worst outbreak in decades

    Brazil is suffering the worst yellow fever outbreak in decades that has killed at least 69 humans, nearly all in central state of Minas Gerais, where the problems began.

    READ MORE: Brazil 'losing the battle' against mosquitoes

    Most people recover from yellow fever after the first phase of infection, which usually involves fever, headache, shivers, loss of appetite and nausea or vomiting, according to the World Health Organization.

    Millions of Brazilians have been vaccinated as health authorities scramble to prevent the outbreak from turning into an epidemic. There is no such protection available for monkeys.

    Yellow fever is a viral disease found in tropical regions of Africa and the Americas that mainly affects humans and monkeys and is transmitted by the same type of mosquito that spreads dengue and the Zika virus.

    Hundreds of thousands of people died from it in the Americas before a vaccine was developed in 1938.

    Brazil's federal health officials are investigating if the latest outbreak is linked to a tailings dam collapse last year in Minas Gerais at the Samarco iron ore mine co-owned by BHP Billiton and Vale SA.

    The dam accident, which polluted the Rio Doce river, is regarded as the country's worst environmental disaster.

    Some scientists have said that calamity may have made the monkeys more susceptible to contracting yellow fever by decimating their habitat and food supplies.

    SOURCE: News agencies


     How Britain Destroyed the Palestinian Homeland

    How Britain Destroyed the Palestinian Homeland

    Ninety-nine years since Balfour's "promise", Palestinians insist that their rights in Palestine cannot be dismissed.

    Afghan asylum seekers resort to sex work in Athens

    Afghan asylum seekers resort to sex work in Athens

    In the rundown Pedion Areos Park, older men walk slowly by young asylum seekers before agreeing on a price for sex.

    Profile: Osama bin Laden

    Profile: Osama bin Laden

    The story of a most-wanted fugitive and billionaire.