The United States army plans to start operating a $4.5bn plant next week that will destroy the nation’s largest remaining stockpile of mustard agent, complying with an international treaty that bans chemical weapons, officials said on Wednesday.
The largely automated plant at the military’s Pueblo Chemical Depot, in southern Colorado, will begin destroying about 780,000 chemical-filled artillery shells soon after this weekend, said Greg Mohrman, site manager at the plant. He declined to be specific, citing security concerns and possible last-minute delays.
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“We’ve practised a lot,” Mohrman told The Associated Press news agency. “Next week it gets real.”
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Robots will dismantle the shells, and the plant will use water and bacteria to neutralise the mustard agent, which can maim or kill by damaging skin, the eyes and airways. At full capacity, the facility can destroy an average of 500 shells a day operating around the clock.
It is expected to finish the task in mid-2020.
The plant will start slowly at first and probably won’t reach full capacity until early next year, said Rick Holmes, project manager for the Bechtel Corp-led team that designed and built it.
The depot has already destroyed 560 shells and bottles of mustard agent that were leaking or had other problems that made them unsuitable for the plant.
Those containers were placed in a sealed chamber, torn open with explosive charges and neutralised with chemicals. That system can only destroy four to six shells a day.
Irene Kornelly, chairwoman of a citizens’ advisory commission that Congress established as a liaison between the public and the plant operators, said her group had no remaining safety concerns.
The shells stored at the Pueblo depot contain a combined 2,600 tonnes of the chemical.
The army stores an additional 523 tonnes of mustard and deadly nerve agents at Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky. Blue Grass is expected to start destroying its weapons next year, finishing in 2023.
Mustard agent is a thick liquid, not a gas as commonly believed. It has no colour and almost no odour, but it got its name because impurities made early versions smell like mustard.
The US acquired 30,600 tonnes of mustard and nerve agents, but it says it never used them in war. Nearly 90 percent of its original stockpile has already been destroyed, mostly by incineration.
A 1925 treaty barred the use of chemical weapons after debilitating gas attacks in World War I, and the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention called for their eradication.
International inspectors say Syria and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group used them in 2014 and 2015. The UN Security Council met in closed session on Tuesday to consider whether to sanction Syria.