The African Union will not deploy peacekeepers to Burundi unless the government in Bujumbura agrees, a senior AU official has said.
Ibrahima Fall, Special Representative for the Great Lakes Region, told French radio RFI, that deploying troops to the conflict-hit east African country without the consent of Bujumbura was “unimaginable”.
“It has been, I think, bad communication. It was never the intention of the African Union to deploy a mission to Burundi without the consent of Burundian authorities,” the Senegalese diplomat said.
AU leaders are debating the crisis at a two-day summit at the 54-member bloc’s headquarters in Ethiopia. The talks are being held behind closed doors and it is unclear when a final decision will be taken.
Fall said that the leaders were considering sending a “high-level delegation, not to say very high” to Burundi to hold talks with the government.
Burundi has consistently opposed the idea of the AU’s proposed 5,000-strong peacekeeping mission, saying the deployment of troops without its permission would be tantamount to an “invasion force”.
The United Nations has warned Burundi risks a repeat of a 1993-2006 civil war, with hundreds killed since April 2015 when President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he would stand for a controversial third term in office.
At least 230,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries.
Since Nkurunziza’s re-election in July, clashes between government loyalists and the opposition have turned increasingly violent.
The AU charter’s Article 4 (h) gives it the right to intervene in a fellow nation state “in respect of grave circumstances, namely: war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.”
But analysts say other African nations are wary of setting a precedent of deploying troops against the government’s wishes.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, speaking on Saturday as the AU summit opened, made clear troops were needed to stem the violence.
“Leaders who stand by while civilians are slaughtered in their name must be held responsible,” Ban said, insisting that the Burundi crisis required the “most serious and urgent commitment.”
He said the UN backed the AU’s proposal “to deploy human rights observers and to establish a prevention and protection mission”.