The Netherlands will broaden its role in the US-led coalition against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to include the bombing of ISIL targets in Syria, the government said.
A Dutch squadron of four F-16 fighter jets is already stationed in Jordan, but was hitherto limited to striking ISIL positions in Iraq.
The aircraft will now be active over Syria until July 1, targeting ISIL operations and training camps, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte told journalists in The Hague on Friday.
ISIL’s bombing and shooting attacks on Paris that killed 130 people in November had already led France and Britain to step up their bombing campaigns in Syria and Iraq.
“We have decided to heed the call of our allies for expansion of the operational area of our F-16s to the east of Syria to further weaken ISIS’s supply lines and ability to advance,” Rutte said, using another of ISIL’s acronyms.
“Only by taking away ISIS’s safe havens in Iraq and Syria can we prevent more attacks.”
The Netherlands is also considering providing more military equipment and training to Iraqi soldiers battling the group. It will fund moderate, armed Syrian opposition groups and assist the reconstruction of schools and hospitals, the statement said.
Extending the military operation became possible when the Dutch Labour Party, junior partner in the coalition government, said this week it was open to the idea, creating a parliamentary majority for it.
Foreign military interventions are especially sensitive in the Netherlands, which led a disastrous UN peacekeeping mission in Bosnia in 1995 during which 8,000 Muslim men and boys were massacred by Serb forces.
A previous Dutch government collapsed in 2010 in a controversy over participation in military operations against the Taliban in Afghanistan, where 2,000 troops were active.