Obama authorises freezing visas and assets of four former and current officials who “contributed to ongoing crisis”.
Ugandan mediators launched talks between Burundi’s government and the opposition on Monday to halt a spiral of violence that has claimed hundreds of lives in recent months.
Representatives from both sides met in the Ugandan capital Kampala on the initiative of Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, the East African Community’s mediator in the Burundi conflict, presidential press secretary Linda Nabusayi said.
“If you are only looking out for power, then you are an enemy to the people of Burundi,” Museveni said at the meeting.
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Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza’s announcement in April that he would seek a third term in office – despite the constitutional two-term limit – led to violent protests. Nkurunziza then went on to win a July election boycotted by the opposition.
The United Nations says that at least 400 people have been killed and tens of thousands have fled the country.
The violence has unnerved a region that remains volatile two decades after the genocide in neighbouring Rwanda.
Police and the youth wing of the ruling party stand accused of killing suspected government opponents, while armed groups – including renegade soldiers – are trying to topple Nkurunziza.
Nearly 90 people were killed in several simultaneous attacks against military installations earlier this month.
“East Africa will not tolerate violence of this nature,” Museveni said.
Getting both sides to talk for the first time in months was regarded as an achievement in itself.
Reporting from Uganda, Al Jazeera’s Malcolm Webb noted that the two sides have serious disagreements to overcome.
“The government delegation said it’s not willing to negotiate with anyone who tried to overthrow the government – a reference to a coup attempt staged in May.
“For its part, the opposition delegation said the July election was not valid and went against the constitution. They say there should be new elections in a safe environment. It’s hard to see how these two sides can be reconciled,” said Webb.
Concerns have been raised that the conflict could take an ethnic turn, pitting the majority Hutus against the minority Tutsis. Burundi has seen several waves of ethnic violence including the 1993-2005 civil war that left 300,000 people dead.
The government has rejected plans by the African Union to send 5,000 peacekeepers to the country.
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