A lot of theories and rumours have emerged as to how the stampede was allowed to happen.
The first plane carrying bodies of Iranian pilgrims killed in the Hajj stampede in Saudi Arabia arrived in Tehran, nine days after the disaster that escalated tensions between the two regional rivals.
President Hassan Rouhani and other senior officials were at the airport for Saturday’s arrival of the plane, which carried 104 bodies. State TV says another flight is due later in the day.
Saudi authorities say 769 pilgrims died in the stampede in the Mecca district of Mina in the worst disaster to strike the annual pilgrimage in a quarter-century.
Medical sources had told Al Jazeera the death toll could be much higher. One medic at a Mina hospital said the toll was “definitely over a thousand”.
Iran appears to have lost the largest number of pilgrims, saying 464 of its nationals died in the incident.
Tehran has blamed Saudi “mismanagement” for the stampede, which took place after two waves of pilgrims converged on a narrow street, causing hundreds to suffocate or be trampled.
“If it were proved that some [authorities] were guilty in this accident, we will not forgive” the loss of our loved ones, said a sombre Rouhani said, flanked by the heads of the judiciary and parliament as well as the chief of staff of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s office.
Rouhani called for a “fact-finding commission” into the disaster.
Saudi authorities have yet to provide a breakdown of the nationalities of the 769 Muslim pilgrims they say were killed, but many countries have announced the deaths of citizens.
Tallies of the dead from foreign officials and media from 24 countries put the toll at 1,036, well in excess of the Saudi figure.
With many more pilgrims still listed as missing, Iranian officials say the real toll is between 2,000 and 4,000.
The stampede occurred after two waves of pilgrims collided at the intersection of two streets.
One crowd had just finished a ritual in which pilgrims throw pebbles at three stone columns representing the devil – a rite central to Hajj – when it ran into another wave of people heading to perform the rite.
Sources close to the government said that some Hajj tours – which have an assigned time slot for allowing their groups to go to the Jamarat, where the rite is performed – had not abided by the schedule.