Gang violence leaves 14 prisoners dead in El Salvador

Relatives gather outside Quezaltepeque jail demanding information after violence between factions within Barrio 18 gang.

    Gang violence leaves 14 prisoners dead in El Salvador

    • Violence between factions of the Barrio 18 gang kills 14 inmates
    • Families gather outside prison to demand officials reveal identities of the dead
    • Murder rate in country rises rapidly with officials blaming gangs
    • Gangs want the government to include them in talks to end violence

    At least 14 inmates have been killed in an El Salvador jail after violence erupted between two factions of a
    notorious gang, an official has said. 

    El Salvador's murder rate: A record high

    The killings on Saturday at Quezaltepeque prison, about 30km north of the capital San Salvador, were linked to an internal dispute involving the Barrio 18 (M-18) gang, a spokesman for the presidency told the AFP news agency.

    The prison was placed on lockdown and security ramped up, as about 50 people with relatives in the jail descended on the facility, some weeping and others demanding to know the identities of the dead.

    A state of emergency was declared for 72 hours at the jail and authorities insisted that they were in full control of the situation.

    Prison officials were alerted when some members of the 'Revolutionaries' faction of the gang failed to return to their cells, said Eugenio Chicas, the communications secretary for the presidency.

    Security agents and riot police found their bodies among some rubbish bins, added Chicas, labelling it "a purge".

    "There has been an internal confrontation," said Chicas.

    The Directorate General of Prisons, on Twitter, said it was "presumed to be an act of purification among gang members".

    Rising murder rate

    The deaths underline how gang violence has made El Salvador one of the most dangerous countries in the world. 

    These are worrisome numbers. These are Salvadorans who are dying. Regardless of who is a gang member or not

    Mauricio Ramirez, national police chief 

    On Wednesday, police said there were at least 125 murders in just three days in the country, a staggering toll even by El Salvador's standards.

    "These are worrisome numbers. These are Salvadorans who are dying. Regardless of who is a gang member or not," Mauricio Ramirez, the national police chief, told reporters.

    There were 3,332 murders between January and June, up from 2,191 a year earlier, government data shows.

    The Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and M-18 gangs have an estimated 70,000 members in El Salvador, 10,000 of whom are behind bars.

    The gangs emerged in the 1980s in Latino neighbourhoods in Los Angeles.

    They arrived in Central America when the US deported thousands of immigrants who had fled there to escape civil wars that had gripped the region in the late 20th century.


    Criminal gangs have been pressuring the government to include them in a commission examining ways to stem endemic urban violence for which these same groups are, to a large extent, responsible. 

    Gang violence paralyses El Salvador's public transport

    Since taking office last year, President Salvador Sanchez Ceren has tried to crack down on crime and refused to negotiate with the gangs.

    Last month, M-18 ordered a bus strike and seven bus drivers were killed after they defied the gang.

    By seeking to shut down public transport, the gang hoped to strong-arm the government to the negotiating table.

    The ongoing violence underscores the breakdown in a truce the gangs declared in March 2012, brokered by the Catholic church with behind-the-scenes help from then president Mauricio Funes.

    In response to the new wave of violence, Sanchez Ceren has reversed a key concession of the controversial truce, ordering more than 50 jailed gang leaders who were being held in "flexible" detention centres transferred back to maximum-security prisons.



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