Two decades since conflicts, Grozny, the republic’s capital, is now home to skyscrapers.
It has been five years since Chechnya declared its long decades of war officially over. A week and a half ago, however, it suffered its worst armed attacks in recent years.
Tensions have been rising between the troubled Russian republic’s authorities and human-rights campaigners, who claim they are suffering a campaign of fear and intimidation,.
Al Jazeera’s Rory Challands reports from Grozny, Chechnya’s capital.