Al-Qaeda gets the most attention, but local groups and ethnic fighters are part of a complicated mix of instability.
Chad’s army will be withdrawing from the war in Mali, the country’s president has announced.
The announcement of Chadian forces’ imminent withdrawal comes three months after the French-led mission to oust al-Qaeda-linked fighters in northern Mali began, and just days after a suicide bombing killed three Chadian soldiers.
Chad's army has no ability to face the kind of guerrilla fighting that is emerging in northern Mali
“Chad’s army has no ability to face the kind of guerrilla fighting that is emerging in northern Mali. Our soldiers are going to return to Chad. They have accomplished their mission,” Chadian President Idriss Deby said in an interview with French journalists that was posted online on Monday.
Deby said Chad already has begun pulling out a battalion with the rest of the 2,000 Chadian soldiers to return progressively, according to the joint interview with France’s Le Monde newspaper, TV5 Monde and RFI radio.
France has said it also wants to hand over responsibility for the mission to Malian and other African soldiers.
Chadian forces, trained in desert combat, have backed French forces in some of the heaviest battles during the war in northern Mali.
The Chadians have been especially instrumental in helping French troops in the mountains of the north Kidal region where elements of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other rebels are hiding out after being ousted from major towns.
Their efforts have not come without cost; at least 23 Chadian soldiers were killed in one battle alone in February.
Deby held out the possibility that his country’s troops could take part in an eventual UN force in Mali.
French President Francois Hollande has said that by July, about 2,000 French soldiers would still be in the former French colony, down from 4,000 at the peak deployment, and at the end of the year 1,000 French soldiers will remain.
The once-democratic nation of Mali fell into turmoil last year, following a March 2012 military coup in Bamako, the capital.
Bamako has long struggled to maintain control over the nation’s distant north, an area as large as Afghanistan.
The coup created a power vacuum which allowed fighters loyal to al-Qaeda to invade the north, where they imposed their strict interpretation of Islamic law, carrying out public executions, amputations and whippings.
France launched a military operation on January 11 after being asked to intervene by the country’s interim president.
In the first weeks of the campaign, French and Malian forces easily took back cities in northern Mali, but rebels remain in the desert, from where they have struck back.