The UK-based rights organisation released a detailed reporton Thursday focusing on the clashes between the South Sudanese armed forces, known as the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA), and the rebel South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) in 2010 and 2011.
“Governments must immediately stop supplying South Sudan with conventional arms, which have been used to commit violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, until adequate systems of training and accountability are in place,” he said.Helen Hughes, co-author of the report, said “the evidence that Amnesty International gathered included documenting Chinese manifactured mines that had been freshly laid on the road of Unity state”.
The rebel SSLA laid Chinese-made anti-vehicle mines and were firing Sudanese-made ammunition, according to the report.
“Scores of civilians have been killed or injured in the past year due to the laying of these mines by the SSLA and this also increases food and fuel costs as the mines hamper access in the region,” said Amnesty.
Speaking to Al Jazeera, Hughes said Amnesty is “calling for states to ensure that there is strong rules that will actually protect human rights and stop arms transfer where there’s a substantial risk that those arms are likely to contribute to serious human rights violations”.
On Monday, talks begin at the UN in New York for a new international arms trade treaty (ATT).
“The ATT talks are an unprecedented opportunity to stop arms getting into the hands of human rights abusers,” said van der Borght.
South Sudan seceded from Sudan on July 9 last year but has since been wracked by internal and external conflict.