Papers prepared for President Assad by intelligence and security chiefs throw light on his strategy to quell protests.
|Opposition fighters fled the eastern Syrian city of Deir al-Zor in the face of a fierce army assault [AFP]|
Artillery and anti-aircraft gun barrages hit the suburbs of Harasta and Irbin, retaken from rebels by Assad’s forces two months ago, and army helicopters were heard flying over the area, on the eastern edge of the capital, the activists said.
Elsewhere, opposition fighters fled the eastern Syrian city of Deir al-Zor in the face of a fierce army assault.
“Tanks entered residential neighbourhoods, especially in southeastern areas of Deir al-Zor. The Free Syrian Army pulled out to avoid a civilian massacre,” a statement by the Deir al-Zor Revolution Committees Union said on Tuesday.
Activist Osama Mansour said the fighters lacked guns and ammunition.
“They knew they could not hold control of the neighbourhoods, so they decided to stop fighting, knowing that the regime would bring in heavy weapons and kill many civilians,” Mansour said.
The lightly-armed Free Syrian Army retreated across the country in recent weeks, with the army using heavy armour to chase them from towns and cities.
The official Syrian news agency SANA reported that the funerals of seven security force members killed in the fighting were also held on Wednesday.
Reports from Syria cannot be independently verified because of strict reporting restrictions imposed by the Syrian government.
But as Assad made advances on the ground, he appeared to suffer a setback on the diplomatic front, with the UN Security Council unanimously adopting a statement calling for the government to back a six-point UN plan to end the violence.
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Key Syrian ally Russia backed the statement, and has also adopted a new, sharper tone after months of publicly standing by his government.
“We believe the Syrian leadership reacted wrongly to the first appearance of peaceful protests and … is making very many mistakes,” Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, told local radio station Kommersant-FM.
“This, unfortunately, has in many ways led the conflict to reach such a severe stage.”
Lavrov also spoke of a “future transition” period for Syria but continued to reject calls from most Western and Arab states for Assad to resign, saying this was “unrealistic”.
It was not immediately clear if the change in language would translate into a tangible difference in the way the divided international community might deal with the crisis.