Political stalemate and police crackdown suggest a long-term crisis for Bahrain, as small-scale protests continue.
Bahrian’s king has formally set up a national commission to “follow up and implement” the report published last week by the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI), which includes recommendations to adjust legislation, according to the country’s state media.
He first announced the commission in a speech marking the report’s release on Wednesday.
The king said that the national commission will function transparently and will guarantee that “the outcome of its work on the implementation of the recommendations is in accordance with best international practices and standards”.
The commission will examine the BICI’s recommendations and make its own suggestions by the end of February 2012.
Five opposition groups, including the Shia al-Wefaq, said they were not going to participate in the new commission. The groups said the body’s role was merely consultative and not given powers to implement reform recommendations.
The BICI’s report which accused Bahraini security forces of numerous abuses, including torture, wrongly killing unarmed protesters and arbitrary arrests.
Despite strong condemnation of Bahrain’s actions during the crackdown, Khalil Marzooq of al-Wefaq told Al Jazeera that the report did not do enough.
“There are things that need to complement this report, like the resignation of the government,” he said.
“We cannot deal with this government, which the report says … has brutally affected our citizens.”
Officials to be replaced
The government, responding to the report after it was initially delivered on Wednesday, pledged that officials involved in the abuses would be held accountable and replaced.
“The government welcomes the findings of the Independent Commission, and acknowledges its criticisms,” an official Bahraini statement said.
“We took the initiative in asking for this thorough and detailed inquiry to seek the truth and we accept it.”
The BICI report blamed the opposition for not having accepted the Bahraini crown prince’s initiative in March, which it says might have led to a peaceful solution.
It also mentioned instances of aggression against the Sunnis of Bahrain as well as foreign workers.
The king had blamed much of the country’s unrest on efforts by Iran to incite violence, but the BICI report said that it did not find any proof of an Iranian link to the situation.
“Evidence presented to the commission did not prove a clear link between the events in Bahrain and Iran,” Cherif Bassiouni, the commission’s lead investigator, said.
Cherif Bassiouni, the commission’s lead investigator, said the death toll from the month-long unrest reached 35, including five security personnel. Hundreds more were injured.
The findings, which studied events in February and March, said that 11 other people were killed later.
The commission concluded that a total of 2,929 people were detained during the protest movement, at least 700 remain in prison.
International organisations, including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the UN human rights agency, have repeatedly accused the government of violating citizens’ rights, citing allegations of torture, unfair trials, excessive use of force and violent repression.