Russia poised to ratify START

Nuclear arms reduction treaty could be passed by parliament within days as Medvedev hails US ratification.

The treaty, if ratified, would mark a major foreign-policy victory for the Obama administration [GALLO/GETTY]

Russia’s parliamentary speaker has said that the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) with the US could be ratified in the country within days.

The statement from Boris Gryzlov comes a day after the US senate approved the nuclear arms-reduction deal, in what was seen as a major foreign-policy victory for Barack Obama, the US president.

Gryzlov said that as long as “the conditions attached to the resolution do not affect the text of the agreement”, the treaty could be ratified as early as Friday.

Dmitry Medvedev, Russia’s president, welcomed the US decision to ratify the treaty, which was voted in 71-26 on Wednesday.

He “expressed hope that the Duma and Federation Council will be ready to examine this issue and also ratify the document”, Natalya Timakova, his spokeswoman, said. But she said that the government first needed to analyse the senate’s decision before following suit.

Obama and Medvedev discussed the treaty by phone on Thursday, the White House said in a statement. Medvedev was said to have congratulated Obama on the passing of the bill by the Senate.

Both houses of the Russian parliament will have to ratify the pact before it can enter into force.

The Kremlin-backed United Russia party dominates both houses of parliament, meaning approval requires the support of Medvedev and Vladimir Putin, the prime minister.

The treaty, which replaces an expired accord, aims to rein in Russian and US nuclear arsenals by capping nuclear weapons and re-starting inspections.

In ratifying the treaty, 13 Republicans broke with their top two leaders and joined 56 members of the president’s Democratic Party and two independents in providing the necessary two-thirds vote.

‘Vital for security’

Speaking at the White House after the vote, Obama said the treaty was vital for America’s national security.

“This is the most significant arms control agreement in nearly two decades. It will make us safer and reduce our nuclear arsenals along with Russia,” he said.

“This treaty will enhance our leadership to stop the spread of nuclear weapons and seek the peace of a world without them.”

The accord will reduce long-range, strategic atomic weapons deployed by each country to no more than 1,550 within seven years. Deployed missile launchers – whether silos, submarines or bombers – would be cut to no more than 700.

The New START treaty

 US and Russia limited to 1,550 warheads within seven years from start of treaty

 Limit is 74 per cent lower than the 1991 START Treaty and 30 per cent lower than the warhead limit of 2002 Moscow Treaty

 Also limits number of deployed and non-deployed ICBM launchers, SLBM launchers and heavy bomber equipped for nuclear armaments to 800

 A separate limit of 700 deployed ICBMs, deployed SLBMs and deployed heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armaments

 New measures include on-site inspections, exhibitions and data exchanges

 The treaty’s terms last for 10 years, unless superseded by a subsequent agreement

Source: The White House

John Kerry, the Democratic senator who led the debate on the deal, said the treaty would “send a message to Iran and North Korea that the international community remains united to restrain the nuclear ambitions of countries that operate outside the law”.

Obama had lobbied senators by phone to ratify the treaty before January, when five additional Republicans take their elected seats in the Senate, which would further endanger the support of the pact.

In talks with Republicans, Obama had committed to spend $85bn over 10 years to modernise US nuclear weapons and infrastructure.

Republicans who opposed the treaty said the pact would limit US efforts to develop systems like those it plans to deploy in Europe to defend against any limited missile attacks from Iran or North Korea.

However, fierce opposition diminished quickly as former presidents George HW Bush and Bill Clinton, six former Republican secretaries of state and much of the country’s military and foreign-policy experts called for the treaty to be approved.

Al Jazeera’s Rosiland Jordan, reporting from Washington on Thursday, said the president used his address after the vote to highlight a new spirit of bipartisan co-operation.

“The president was very keen to show to Americans that he got the message they delivered just about a month ago on election day that Americans want a congress and a president that can work together on big issues,” she said.

“He was keen to say thank you to those Republicans who broke with their party to vote for the ratification of this new START treaty.

“He said it’s important to do so because he believes that the American people want to see people actually take care of policy issues and not spend so much time trying to win political points.”

Earlier, Medvedev also cautioned that if US and NATO offers of co-operation on missile defence failed to produce plans that satisfied Russia, relations could sour fast and Moscow could deploy weapons to combat a perceived threat.

“If we do not find our place in this system – and this will be clear in the next three to five, maybe seven years – future generations of Russian and American politicians will have to take very unpleasant decisions,” he said.

Russian officials have said they will have a close look at the US senate’s resolution of ratification before endorsing the treaty themselves.

Source : Al Jazeera, News Agencies


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20 Dec 2010
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