Glossary: US military jargon

The leaked documents make extensive use of US military acronyms and jargon, which we’ve explained in this guide.

The leaked documents make extensive use of acronyms and other military jargon – a report about al-Qaeda in Iraq operating fake checkpoints near Basra, for example, might be titled “AQIZ FALSE CPS IVO BASRA.” We’ve provided a glossary of terms below, with descriptions for some of the more obscure ones.

Acronym Description
ACF Anti-coalition forces
ACR Armored cavalry regiment
AGL Above ground level
AIF Anti-Iraqi forces
AMZ Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
AO Area of operations
AP Anti-personnel
AQI Al-Qaeda in Iraq
ASR Alternate supply route
AWT Air weapons team
BCT Brigade combat team
BDA Battle damage assessment
BITT Border Iraqi training team
Blue-blue “Friendly fire” between coalition forces
CAS Close air support
CAV Cavalry
CCIR Commander’s critical information requirements
CF Coalition forces
CIV Civilian
CO Company
Cordon and knock Cordoning off an area and searching it for insurgents or weapons
CP Checkpoint
CWIA Civilian wounded in action
DET Detonation, or detained
DMG Damage
DOW Died of wounds
EFP Explosively formed penetrator
EOD Explosive ordnance disposal
FMC Fully mission capable
FOB Forward operating base
FRAGO Fragmentary order
FWCAS Fixed-wing close air support
GOI Government of Iraq
Green-green “Friendly fire” between Iraqi forces
GSW Gunshot wound
HE High explosives
HHQ Higher headquarters
HMMWV High mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle (Humvee)
IA Iraqi army
IBP Iraqi border patrol
ICW In coordination with
ID Infantry division
IDF Indirect fire
IED Improvised explosive device
IIP Iraqi Islamic Party
IN Infantry
ING Iraqi national guard
INJ Injuries
IO Information operations
IOT In order to
IP Iraqi police
ISI Islamic State of Iraq
ISO In support of
ISP Iraqi special police
ISR Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance
IVO In the vicinity of
IZ Iraq/Iraqi
JAI Jaish al-Islami
JAM Jaish al-Mahdi
JSS Joint security station
JTJ Jama’at al-Tawhid w’al-Jihad
KIA Killed in action
KLE Key leader engagement
LN Local national
LOAC Laws of armed combat
MAG Magazine
MAM Military-aged male
MAS Muqtada al-Sadr
MEU Marine Expeditionary Unit
MITT Military intelligence training team
MOI Ministry of Interior
MP Military police
MRAP Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicle
MNFI Multi-National Forces (Iraq)
NEU Neutral
NFI No further information
NFTR Nothing further to report
NSTR Nothing significant to report
OBJ Objective
PAX Persons
PB Patrol base
PBIED Person-borne improvised explosive device
PID Positive identification
POC Point of contact
POETT Port of entry training team
POO Point of origin
PPE Personal protective equipment
PTL Patrol
QJBR Tanzim al-Qaid’at al-Jihad fi al-Balad al-Rafidayn
QRF Quick reaction force
RPG Rocket-propelled grenade
RDX Research Department Explosive
RPT Report
RTB Return to base
RTE Route
RWCAS Rotary-wing close air support
S2 Brigade-level intelligence
SAF/SAFIRE Small arms fire
SIGACT Significant action
SITREP Situation report
SOI Sons of Iraq
SVIED Suicide vest improvised explosive device
TF Task force
TTP Tactics, techniques and procedures
VBIED Vehicle-borne improvised explosive device
UI Unidentified
UNK Unknown
USACE US Army Corps of Engineers
UXO Unexploded ordnance
VEH Vehicle
VIC Vicinity
WIA Wounded in action
The conflict
The politics
The human cost
Source: Al Jazeera

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