It is a conflict that has claimed an estimated 300,000 lives in six years, and forced up to three million people to flee their homes.
But, according to the UN’s outgoing military commander in Sudan, the war in Darfur could be over.
He has described the situation as no longer a war, but rather a low-intensity conflict with major battles now few and far between.
However, with the root causes of the conflict unresolved and in the absence of a solid peace treaty, the situation remains unpredictable.
Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Vall reports from Darfur.