A blast in a southern Russian province bordering Chechnya has killed at least one man and wounded three more, including the local prime minister.
HRW compared the situation to what it said were rampant human rights abuses during the two wars in neighbouring Chechnya.
Russian security forces in Ingushetia have been combating fighters who are seeeking Islamic rule in the Caucasus.
The fighters have staged frequent attacks on police and local authorities in the area.
HRW warned in the report that the “dirty war” tactics against the fighters was likely to further destabilise the situation in Ingushetia and beyond in the North Caucasus.