Musharraf’s move has provoked uniformly negative response, both at home and abroad.
George Bush, US president, called on his Pakistani counterpart to “restore democracy as quickly as possible”.
“We expect there to be elections as soon as possible, and for the president to remove his military uniform,” he said after talks with the Turkish prime minister.
Condoleezza Rice, the US secretary of state, was expected to call Musharraf late on Monday after Washington postponed defence talks scheduled for later this week and said it would review future aid.
The Netherlands has already cut its assistance to the country, while the UN secretary general expressed dismay at the political crisis.
Earlier, Shaukat Aziz, Pakistan’s prime minister, had said that elections would be held according to schedule but legal challenges to Musharraf’s re-election had to be concluded first.
“We don’t want to disrupt the election process. We want a free election,” he said.
Abdul Qayyum, Pakistan’s attorney-general, said that national and provincial assemblies would be dissolved in 10 days time to allow elections in mid-January.
A senior judge said that most of Pakistan’s judges, including Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, the dismissed chief justice, had been placed under virtual house arrest after refusing to take an oath under the provisional constitutional order issued on Saturday.
“There is a heavy security deployment and our houses are locked. We cannot go out and no one can come in,” Rana Bhagwandas, the country’s only Hindu Supreme Court judge, said.
Lawyers demonstrated in several of Pakistan’s main cities on Monday despite police warning them of a ban on rallies. Many of them were beaten by police as they broke up the protests.
Benazir Bhutto, a former Pakistani prime minister, told Al Jazeera that the deteriorating situation could destabilise the whole region.
Since then nearly 800 people have been killed in violence, which has included more than 23 suicide attacks.