President Lech Kaczynski accepts his twin brother’s resignation.
Tusk has pledged to improve Poland’s relationship with the rest of the European Union – and with neighbouring Germany in particular – and to improve the nation’s often tense relations with Russia.
He has said he will withdraw Polish troops from Iraq, where 900 soldiers are serving and is far more critical of the US’s controversial plan to place part of its anti-missile system in Poland.
However, his new government may face problems implementing changes, particularly a controversial plan to instigate a flat rate of income tax, as the president could veto such plans in parliament.
The president has the right to represent Poland abroad and shares responsibility with the head of the government at EU summits and in ambassadorial appointments.