Life before and after sanctions

History may have never recorded a harsher and more inhuman regime of sanctions than those imposed on Iraq in the name of the UN. It obliterated people’s lives and crippled their economy. The following figures attest to that heart-breaking reality beyond any doubt.


Hospital beds:
Before sanctions: 1.9/100
After sanctions:  1.4/100
Life expectancy:
Before sanctions: 65 years
After sanctions:  59 years
Infant mortality:
Before sanctions: 80/1000
After sanctions:  104/1000
Major causes of death:
Before Sanctions: The leading causes were circulatory diseases, injury, poisoning, cancer, and congenital anomalies.
Hospitals were free and there were 9000 doctors.
After Sanctions:  Since 1990, increased mortality has been attributed to deprivation of medical care and malnutrition especially among children and other vulnerable population groups following the imposition of UN sanctions.


Adult literacy rate:
Before sanctions: 89%
After sanctions:  58%
Student enrollment:
Before sanctions:
  Primary School: 99%
  Secondary School: 47%
  Number of School Buildings: 9460
After sanctions:
  Primary School: 80%
  Secondary School: 31%
  Number of School Buildings: 7572
Education status:
Before sanctions: Public education was free and compulsory at all levels.
After sanctions:  UNICEF estimated that only 10% of Iraq’s needs for education could be met by the Oil for Food Programme.


Calory intake:
Before sanctions: 3400 calories per day (The highest in the region at that time)
Two thirds of Iraq’s food was imported.
After sanctions:  2268 calories per day
94% of the FAO recommended minimum requirement
Before sanctions: 4%
After sanctions: 27%

Water and Sanitation

Access to safe water:
Before sanctions:
  Urban: 100%
  Rural: 72%
After sanctions:
  Urban: 85%
  Rural: 48%
Access to sanitation:
Before sanctions:
  Urban: 96%
  Rural: 18%
After sanctions:
  Urban: 79%
  Rural: 31%


Before sanctions: Unknown
After sanctions: KWh27.3 billion
Before sanctions: Unknown
After sanctions: KWh25.389 billion


Telephone lines in use:
Before sanctions: 462,000
After sanctions: 675,000
Internet service provider
Before sanctions: Unknown
After sanctions: One ISP for 12,500 users
Television & radio
Before sanctions: Unknown
After sanctions: 13 TV broadcast stations, 3 radio stations

Go back: Special Report

Source : Al Jazeera

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