Suez Canal II: The sequel that impresses no one

At the helm of a ship steering it through the canal, Sisi is presenting himself as the sole guide for the Egyptians.

    Suez Canal II: The sequel that impresses no one
    Instead of Suez Canal II, the billions sunk into dredging the desert sand should have gone to shoring up the Nile Delta, writes Diab [Reuters]

    Sequels rarely match up to the original, most film buffs will tell you. But judging by the trailers and the blitz publicity campaign, Suez Canal II will be every bit as significant as its predecessor.

    Dubbed as Egypt's "gift to the world", today's inaugural ceremony promises to "dazzle the world". The spectacle will include an air and naval show, fireworks, folklore performances and even a performance of Verdi's classic opera, Aida.

    On Wednesday, the front page of the semi-official al-Akhbar newspaper carried an image of the Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi at the helm of a ship steering it through the canal, with smiling citizens waving flags enthusiastically in the background.

    The symbolism is clear.

    Inside Egypt - The Egyptian army's growing economic empire

    The ship is presumably Egypt, the canal is the narrow strait the country is currently navigating, the destination is a brighter future and every Egyptian is firmly behind the president.

    But with all the pomp, swagger and bluster in the air, perhaps nautical metaphors are not the most appropriate: unseen icebergs and the Titanic spring to mind.

    More subtly, the image echoes the propaganda during the presidency of Gamal Abdel-Nasser.

    For instance, in a nationalist song from 1963, the legendary heart-throb Abdel-Halim Hafez sang: Our president is a navigator/he's taking us across/he's a worker and farmer/he's one of us.

    And perhaps behind Sisi's surprising choice of megaprojects is an unspoken wish that the Suez Canal will propel him to legendary status, as it did Nasser.

    After all, the canal sealed Nasser's reputation when he nationalised it, triggering the 1956 Suez Crisis, known to Egyptians as the Tripartite Aggression.

    The Suez Canal was also important to Anwar Sadat, who was often lionised as the architect of the "crossing of the canal" during the 1973 war with Israel.

    Hosni Mubarak did not have a Suez moment but he did have plenty of waterways, from the stalled al-Salam (Peace) Canal to make the Sinai bloom, to the Toshka white elephant to create a new Nile valley in the Western Desert.

    In fact, the Suez Canal has been an important nationalist symbol since its construction.

    For Khedive Ismail, a late 19th century ruler of Egypt, it was a central plank - along with rapid industrialisation and the new Cairo he built as the "Paris on the Nile" - of Egypt's steady march to modernity.

    Not new

    Symbolism aside, does Suez Canal II actually live up to the hype?

    Strictly speaking, the megaproject is not a new canal but a 72km parallel channel to extend the existing one. And it is not even the first such expansion - there were previous ones in 1955 and 1980.

    This makes the notion that it is a second Suez Canal and an engineering feat on par with the first, seem ludicrous, considering that the original waterway was 164km long and completely revolutionised shipping from Asia to Europe by giving vessels a massive 7,000km shortcut.

    Rather than focus on an initiative of questionable and marginal benefit, the government should have chosen a megaproject of true national importance.


    In actuality, Egypt, perhaps in light of the rapid de-development of the region, seems to be downsizing its mega-dreams compared with previous generations.

    But the boastfulness and adulation surrounding them is as grandiose as ever.

    That is not to say Suez Canal II is not without engineering merit.

    Unlike the original French-conceived canal, the new channel was completely designed and implemented by Egyptians.

    Moreover, unlike its predecessor, it did not result in the deaths of tens of thousands of Egyptian forced labourers.

    Unlike many previous megaprojects, not only was this project actually completed, it was finished ahead of time, in a record single year, which some have seen as a positive sign for the future.

    In addition, unlike the original, the expansion is domestically financed, largely through investment certificates sold to citizens, which could act as a promising model for future initiatives.

    Missed opportunity

    Unlike in the 19th century, whether it succeeds or fails, Suez Canal II is unlikely to help bankrupt an already highly indebted nation. However, Egypt may have trouble paying back citizens if its projections prove unfounded.

    According to government projections, the expanded capacity and faster passage time will propel the canal's revenues from the current $5.5bn to an astonishing $13.5bn.

    Many international and local experts are sceptical this will happen because the canal is currently running at below capacity, and the rate of annual growth in global shipping would have to be considerably higher than it is today.

    Though they make a strong case and one I find highly persuasive, it is possible the experts are wrong, as officials keep reminding us, and Egypt will confound its critics, as it did in 1956 when everyone expected the country would not be able to operate the canal after removing its British and French management.

    I believe the new canal investment was a massive missed opportunity.

    Rather than focus on an initiative of questionable and marginal benefit, the government should have chosen a megaproject of true national importance.

    Instead of Suez Canal II, the billions sunk into dredging the desert sand should have gone to shoring up the Nile Delta, which is threatened by rising sea levels and sinking sediment.

    Although experts have been warning for decades of these dangers, Egypt has taken almost no action to save its breadbasket and home to nearly half its population.

    Now that is truly a sinking ship that needs to be navigated to a safe port before it is too late.

    Khaled Diab is an award-winning Egyptian-Belgian journalist, writer and blogger. He is the author of Intimate Enemies: Living with Israelis and Palestinians in the Holy Land. He blogs at

    The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial policy.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera



    Meet the deported nurse aiding asylum seekers at US-Mexico border

    Meet the deported nurse helping refugees at the border

    Francisco 'Panchito' Olachea drives a beat-up ambulance around Nogales, taking care of those trying to get to the US.

    The rise of Pakistan's 'burger' generation

    The rise of Pakistan's 'burger' generation

    How a homegrown burger joint pioneered a food revolution and decades later gave a young, politicised class its identity.

    'We will cut your throats': The anatomy of Greece's lynch mobs

    The brutality of Greece's racist lynch mobs

    With anti-migrant violence hitting a fever pitch, victims ask why Greek authorities have carried out so few arrests.