Syria's War

Syrian civil war map: Who's in control where

A map of the Syrian civil war showing who controls what after seven years of fighting.

Alia Chughtai | | Syria's War, Middle East, Maps, War & Conflict

Since March 2011, fighting in Syria has killed an estimated 465,000 people, injured more than one million, and forced about 12 million people - or half the country's pre-war population - from their homes.

Eastern Ghouta, an area east of the capital Damascus, was the focus of a fierce offensive by President Bashar al-Assad's forces in recent weeks, resulting in more than 1,000 deaths, including those of 215 children, and 145 women.

On April 12, all of the rebel-held enclave was taken by the Syrian army, and Russian military police patrols after all opposition groups agreed to evacuate.

Elsewhere, in northern Syria, Turkish troops and allied Syrian rebels have been deployed to the Kurdish enclave of Afrin to confront a US-backed Kurdish militia.

The allied forces have now taken the main city of Afrin.


Who are the key players: 

Syrian government

  • Main cities under government control are: Damascus, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Latakia, Tartus, Palmyra, Albu Kamal. 

Free Syrian Army (FSA)

  • The Free Syrian Army (FSA) is a loose conglomeration of armed brigades formed in 2011 by defectors from the Syrian army and civilians aiming to topple President Bashar al-Assad

  • Since the battle of Aleppo, the FSA has remained in control of limited areas in northwestern Syria. 

  • Main areas it controls: Idlib province.

Kurdish control

  • Main cities under Kurdish control: Raqqa, Qamishli, Hasakah.

ISIL control

  • After the battle for Raqqa, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) remains in control of an area near Albu Kamal, surrounded by government forces westward and Kurdish forces in the east. 

Other groups

  • Other groups fighting in Syria include Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, Iran-backed Hezbollah, and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) dominated by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG).

Source: Al Jazeera and agencies


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