Palestinians from the occupied West Bank face hardship crossing Israeli checkpoints to reach the holy site for prayers.
Muslims around the world are celebrating the three-day Eid al-Fitr festival, which marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
The beginning and end of Islamic months are determined by the sighting of the new moon.
Most Arab countries and Indonesia declared Friday the first day of Eid. In countries including Oman, Morocco, India and Iran, the holiday started on Saturday.
Eid celebrations begin with a special prayer in mosques and open-air areas.