Ramadan recipe: In Sudan, fuul completes the iftar table

Our iftar table is not complete unless it has a dish of hot, well-seasoned fuul, studded with chopped veggies, on it.

A bowl of all-dressed fuul on a blue-and-white surface with a stick of bread
The table is not complete without fuul [Dallia Abdelmoneim/Al Jazeera]

For Ramadan, Fork the System brings you stories of family, connection, and the dishes that made the month special for our guest chefs.

There’s something about fuul and Ramadan.

In our household, we eat it every day – for the whole month.

The table is not complete unless that dish of fuul (fuul medames or stewed fava beans) is smack in the middle surrounded by the supporting cast of other dishes.

Fuul is very popular in the Arabic-speaking part of the world and during the fasting month, it is usually served at suhoor (the pre-dawn meal eaten before fasting starts).

However, that is not quite the case for many families in Sudan, who apply the literal meaning of “fatour” (iftar, or breaking the fast) and make the meal into breakfast, with most of the dishes more reflective of the first meal of the day – eggs, taameya (falafel), soup, salad and, of course, fuul.

Photo of dried fava beans
Many people will tell you that you have to make your own fuul, from scratch [Getty Images]

And I have to say that in our house, like in many others, it cannot be the tinned fuul. That has been akin to culinary blasphemy for generations as people insisted on making it the “proper way” with the beans soaked overnight and then slow-cooked until tender.

But I dare admit more people are starting to accept the charms of the tinned bean; it does make things easier and quicker, and it is what I have used in the recipe below.

Fuul and company

When it comes to fuul, there are certain memories that come to mind and they inevitably involve others being in the picture. That is one of the things about eating fuul – it is not done alone, it is always a group thing: be it family, friends, work colleagues or strangers gathered at a sidewalk eatery sharing a plate.

After sitting for our university entrance exams, my friends and I had a lot of free time on our hands but were still expected to go to school. So one day, we decided to skip class and go to the corner shop that was famous for its fuul.

shot of tomaties in a large bin in the sunshine
You’ll need lots of chopped veggies, and make sure they do not get mushy [Getty Images]

There we were, in our school uniforms, attacking this huge, deep, metal plate of freshly made fuul, complete with all the garnishes and add-ons, sitting on upturned plastic soda crates and chugging down cold fizzy drinks.

We did not care about food hygiene, we just wanted to eat fuul and talk about our future. We were hungry but not smart, as we were caught by a teacher, who duly reported us to the principal, who, in turn, took great pleasure in dishing out detentions.

During an election day years later, I went on a “scouting” trip with fellow activists to see for ourselves if there really was as a huge voter turnout as the government kept telling us.

There we were, driving from one neighbourhood to another, looking for all the voters who were queueing in their thousands to cast their ballot for Sudan’s former President Omar al-Bashir. There were none.

Scouting mission done, hunger pangs kicked in and off we trotted to this greasy spoon in the industrial area of Khartoum. The fuul plate was different this time, as it had the added bonus of freshly made taameya crumbled on top, along with the mandatory white cheese, and tahini on the side.

a bowl of chopped tomato, another of chopped onion, and a third of chopped parslet on a blue and white surface
The dried broad bean can take a lot of seasonings and toppings [Dallia Abdelmoneim/Al Jazeera]

The bakery next door supplied the baladi bread (whole wheat pitas) and, with a plastic jug of the world’s best fresh grapefruit juice on hand, we dug in. Electoral observational work is hungry work, and it also supplied the laughs as we tried to guess what voter percentage the al-Bashir government would trot out.

For the love of fuul

Why fuul?

That dried broad bean can take on a lot – be it seasoning, condiments or add-ons – and it packs a punch. The nutritional benefits of the fava bean are myriad, providing, among other things, magnesium, vitamin B, iron and manganese, which helps prevent osteoporosis and digest glucose among a number of other health benefits.

It is a superfood and one that is easily available to people of all income levels.

At home, our flavour profile is salt, black pepper, a little shatta (chili powder), ground cumin – loads of it – and a lot of lime. Not lemons, they are too sweet, you need lime for that acid kick.

Then come the veggies: finely diced red onions and tomatoes which are not cooked with the fuul but added to the plate and gently mixed in – you do not want mushy vegetables.

crumbled feta on a cutting board
When everything is mixed to perfection and singing to be eaten, top it with crumbled white cheese [Getty Images]

Next comes the good part, the final piece of the jigsaw that brings this whole dish together: sesame oil. Sudan’s sesame seed production is among the highest grade in the world.

At one point, a few years ago, Sudan was the largest global producer and exporter of sesame seeds. As such, we take great pride in our oil and halva sweets. So while many may opt for olive or vegetable oil, no Sudanese household would dare serve a plate of fuul without sesame oil. And then to top it all off: crumbled white cheese (Sudanese feta) mixed with some finely chopped parsley. No parsley? Any green herb would work, failing that arugula is a great substitute, as well.

Fuul is not everyone’s preference. Many Sudanese are opting to serve mulaah, a broth-based stew made with dried okra and mixed with minced meat or dakwa (ground peanut paste). That is usually eaten with a savoury set pudding called “asida” that is made from sorghum flour or kisra, a wafer-thin crepe-like flat bread made from fermented sorghum, similar to the Ethiopian injera but less thick.

Still, fuul will always be king in my book. It is filling, tasty and always hits the spot.

As a fibre-packed legume, its slow energy release goes a long way in keeping hunger pangs at bay while also ensuring a gradual increase in blood sugar levels that ensures energy levels do not spike or drop.


  • 1 can of plain fuul (available in most Middle Eastern supermarkets, you can try it in different flavours as well)
  • 1/3 cup water
  • 1 medium tomato
  • 1 medium red onion (or any colour)
  • Fistful of parsley, chopped (coriander or dill work just as well)
  • 50g feta cheese
  • Salt, ground black pepper, ground cumin, shatta to taste
  • Juice of 1-2 limes
  • 1/4 cup sesame oil or any oil of your choice (some people like their fuul to swim in oil so they can mop it up with some pita bread, so again it is down to your personal taste)
  • Warm pita bread


  1. Empty the can of fuul in a saucepan and add the water, spices and lime juice. Mix gently. Taste throughout so you can add more seasoning if needed. Put fuul on low heat on a stove and leave to simmer.
  2. Finely chop the tomato, onion and parsley and set aside.
  3. Once bubbles (little geysers, careful, they spit a bit) begin to appear in the fuul, remove the pot from the stove.
  4. Add half the oil to the empty serving dish, pour in the fuul followed by the chopped vegetables and gently mix. Pour the remainder of the oil on the fuul, crumble your feta cheese and top it off with your chopped parsley.
  5. Enjoy.

Fuul from scratch


  • 2 cups of dried fava beans
  • 2 lemons
  • A lot of water


  1. Soak the dry fava beans in water overnight. The water has to cover the beans with an inch to spare.
  2. Drain and discard the soaking water. Put the fava beans in a large pot and add plenty of water – enough to cover the beans with a couple of inches to spare.
  3. Slice the lemons in half and add to the fava beans. Over a stove on medium heat, bring to a simmer and cover it and let it do its thing.
  4. Keep checking on the beans, adding more water if needed, until they are soft enough that you can mush one with your finger.
  5. Once cooked, let it cool and put it in the fridge to use as often as you like to make delicious Sudani fuul.
Source: Al Jazeera