As another round of peace talks ends in deadlock, we discuss the reasons behind the military and political stalemate.
Syria has accused Israel of carrying out air strikes against two government-held areas in Damascus province, one of them near the Damascus international airport.
There was no immediate reaction to Sunday’s report from the Israeli authorities.
“The Israeli enemy attacked Syria by targeting two safe areas in Damascus province, namely the Dimas area and the area of Damascus International Airport,” state TV said.
The state-owned Al Ikhbariya TV station reported no casualties, but said “the Israeli enemy committed a heinous attack by targeting two peaceful areas in the Damascus countryside”.
Al Jazeera’s Jane Ferguson, reporting from Beirut in neighbouring Lebanon, said the Syrian government issued a statement shortly after the news of the attacks broke.
It said the attacks were evidence that Israelis were supporting what it called “terrorists”, she said.
“The statement also said the Syrian government would respond in a way the military saw it. But they have said this before and they have not responded militarily against Israel.”
The Israeli military has launched several air raids against Syrian military positions since the outbreak of the country’s armed uprising in 2011.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors the conflict, said one of the sites targeted, Dimas, was a military position.
Operations at the international airport are both civilian and military.
Activists posted footage online purporting to show government air-to-air missiles targeting Israeli fighter jets over the Dimas region.
Before Sunday, the most recent air raid was in March and targeted military positions in the Quneitra region that borders the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
Syria and Israel are officially in a state of war, and Israel has since 1967 occupied the Golan Heights.
The occupation is not recognised by the international community.