United States grains merchants Bunge and Glencore-backed Viterra are merging to create an agricultural trading giant worth about $34bn including debt, the companies have said, in a deal that will likely draw close regulatory scrutiny.
The deal, announced on Tuesday, brings the combined company closer in global scale to leading rivals Archer-Daniels-Midland and Cargill. It values Bunge and Viterra at about $17bn each. Bunge shareholders, however, will own about 70 percent of the company because Bunge will pay for a significant chunk of the deal with cash.
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The deal is unprecedented in size in the global agriculture sector. It comes after Bunge posted record adjusted profits in 2022, benefitted from tight global grain supplies due to Russia’s war on Ukraine.
Bunge shares rose by more than 2 percent.
Under the deal, Viterra shareholders will get about 65.6 million shares of Bunge stock, carrying a value of about $6.2bn, and about $2bn in cash.
Bunge will also assume $9.8bn of Viterra’s debt, according to a joint statement.
Viterra shareholders will own 30 percent of the combined company following the deal’s expected close in mid-2024.
“The companies are highly complementary,” Bunge CEO Greg Heckman told the Reuters news agency. “The way the assets and teams fit together, the strategic merit is one that we’ve looked at for years … Things just finally aligned.”
Bunge is already the world’s largest oilseed processor and analysts say it and Viterra’s crushing businesses could face regulatory scrutiny in Canada, Argentina and elsewhere.
Canada’s antitrust regulator will review the planned merger, a spokesperson for the regulator said in a statement. Argentina’s competition bureau has not yet received formal notification of the merger, a government source said.
The US Department of Justice and antitrust regulators in the European Union did not respond to requests for comment.
Last year, Bunge was the largest corn and soybean exporter from Brazil, the world’s top source of the staple crops for making animal feed and biofuels, according to data from shipping agent Cargonave. Viterra was the third-largest corn exporter and seventh soybean shipper.
In the US, Viterra’s business of buying and selling grain expanded via its purchase of Gavilon last year. The merger will enhance Bunge’s grain exporting and oilseed processing businesses in the US, the world’s second-largest corn and soy exporter, where it has a smaller presence than ADM and Cargill.
The deal also expands Bunge’s physical grain storage and handling capacity in major wheat exporter Australia. The company currently operates just two grain elevators and a port terminal in the western part of the country. Viterra has 55 storage sites in South Australia and Victoria and six bulk grain export terminals.
Sustained annual earnings of $4bn are “a very reasonable target” for the company after the merger, John Neppl, Bunge’s chief financial officer, told Reuters.
Bunge’s management team, led by CEO Heckman who took the top role in 2019 when the company itself was a takeover target, will oversee the combined entity.
Heckman oversaw a portfolio review that led Bunge to scale back or sell underperforming operations such as South American sugar and Mexican wheat milling and invest in its core edible oils business. The company reported record earnings last year after a string of quarterly losses in 2018. Heckman previously led Gavilon from 2008 to 2015.
The Consumer Federation of America said the deal would reduce competition for farmers’ crops and consolidate processing of oilseeds used to make plant-based foods as well as biofuel at a time the White House is broadly trying to promote competition in the economy.
“Further concentration seems likely to harm consumers and the businesses, like plant-based food manufacturers, that rely on these commodities,” said Thomas Gremillion, director of food policy for the Federation.
Bunge said it plans to repurchase $2bn of its stock to enhance accretion from the deal to adjusted profit. The deal is being backed by a financing commitment of $7bn from Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (SMBC).
Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) and British Columbia Investment Management Corp said they have agreed to support the deal, indicating that all Viterra shareholders are on board. CPPIB said it would own 12 percent of the combined company.
In Ukraine, the world’s top sunflower producer and largest supplier of sunflower oil, a combined Bunge-Viterra would have three oilseed processing plants across the country’s south and east – in Kharkiv, Dnipro and Mykolaiv.
Acquiring Viterra would bring Bunge’s revenue, which was $67.2bn in 2022, more in line with that of ADM, which registered sales of nearly $102bn last year.