India’s Adani tries to pacify investors as watchdog probes report

Adani group’s seven listed stocks have together lost about $120bn in market value since a US short-seller has raised concerns.

The logo of Adani Group atop a building in Mumbai, India.
The Adani crisis has sparked worries of financial contagion in India [File: Divyakant Solanki/EPA]

Adani Group sought to reassure investors on Monday, saying it had strong cashflows and its business plans were fully funded, as an Indian regulator confirmed it was investigating a critical report by a short-seller that has battered the group’s stocks.

Led by billionaire businessman Gautam Adani, the group’s seven listed stocks have together lost about $120bn in market value since a January 24 report by United States-based short-seller Hindenburg Research accused it of improper use of offshore tax havens and stock manipulation, allegations the group has denied.

The turmoil continued on Monday, with shares in the listed companies extending their losses.

Seeking to calm investors, the conglomerate in a statement to the Reuters news agency said the balance sheet of each of its independent portfolio companies was “very healthy”, adding it had secure assets and strong cashflows, with its business plans “fully funded”.

“We are confident in the continued ability of our portfolio to deliver superior returns to shareholders,” Adani Group said in the emailed statement.

Bloomberg News reported on Monday the group had halved its revenue growth target and planned to scale down capital spending. A company spokesperson told Reuters earlier in the day the report was “baseless, speculative”, without elaborating.

On Monday Reuters news agency reported citing unnamed sources that the group had appointed accountancy firm Grant Thornton for independent audits of some of its companies in a bid to discredit claims by Hindenburg. The appointment marks the first major effort by Adani Group to defend itself.

The Adani crisis has sparked worries of financial contagion in India, protests in parliament where legislators have demanded an investigation, ratings outlook downgrades of some Adani units, and cast a shadow on the group’s capital raising plans. Gautam Adani has also lost his crown as Asia’s richest person.

Adani Group’s statement said, “once the current market stabilises, each entity will review its own capital market strategy.”

Regulator probe

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been probing the market rout, including examining trade patterns and any potential irregularities in the $2.5bn share sale of flagship company Adani Enterprises that the Adani group was forced to cancel due to the stock’s plunge, Reuters has previously reported.

SEBI confirmed the existence of the investigation for the first time in a Supreme Court filing on Monday.

“SEBI is already enquiring into both the allegations made in the Hindenburg report as well as the market activity immediately preceding and post the publication of the report,” the regulator said in the filing seen by Reuters, adding the matter was in early stages of examination.

During a court hearing on Monday where the Supreme Court heard public interest petitions that raise concerns about steep investor losses, Indian Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, arguing on behalf of the government and SEBI, said there was no objection if a panel was set up to examine protection mechanisms for investors. The judges told him to come back with the remit of such a panel and scheduled a further hearing for Friday.

SEBI is set to brief federal finance ministry officials on February 15 on its investigation into the shelved share sale, two sources told Reuters on Monday. SEBI and the finance ministry did not respond immediately to Reuters’s requests for comment.

Attempts to ‘reassure investors’

Last week, Moody’s downgraded the ratings outlook for some Adani companies, while index provider MSCI said it would cut the weightings of some in its stock indexes.

On Monday, all stocks of the Adani group were under pressure. Adani Enterprises fell 7 percent, while Adani Total Gas, Adani Power and Adani Transmission lost 5 percent each.

Adani Total, a joint venture with France’s TotalEnergies, has lost 70 percent since the Hindenburg report, while Adani Enterprises is down 50 percent.

Since the Hindenburg report’s release, Adani Group has prepaid some of its $25bn debt and pledged to independently review the short-seller’s claims, but the carnage in its securities has continued.

“The effects of management’s attempts to reassure investors will take at least three to six months to start reflecting in share prices. Price damage has been significant,” said Avinash Gorakshakar, head of research at Profitmart Securities.

In Mumbai, approximately 100 political workers and activists of the opposition Communist Party of India marched, shouting anti-Adani slogans and holding posters with cartoons of Adani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Opposition critics accuse Modi’s government of giving undue favours to the Adani Group. The government and Adani both deny excessively close ties.

“The effect of our protests is visible as Adani shares continue to fall,” Feroze Mithiborwala, one of the protesters, said.

In recent days, concerns have also arisen about the exposure of Indian and foreign lenders to the Adani Group. In its rebuttal of Hindenburg’s allegations, the conglomerate had pointed to its international banking relationships as a sign of its strength.

Singapore’s DBS Group said on Monday it had a 1.3 billion Singapore dollars ($979m) exposure to Adani group companies, out of which 1 billion Singapore dollars ($756m) was to finance its cement business. DBS said it was not concerned about its exposure to the group.

Source: Reuters