Fewer Americans applied for jobless aid last week, with the number of Americans collecting unemployment benefits already near five-decade lows.
Applications for unemployment benefits fell by 8,000 to 210,000 for the week ending May 21, the United States Department of Labor reported Thursday. First-time applications are generally representative of the number of layoffs.
The four-week average for claims, which smooths out some of the weekly volatility, ticked up from the previous week to 206,750.
The total number of Americans collecting jobless benefits for the week ending May 14 rose slightly from the previous week, to 1,346,000. Last week that number stood at 1,315,000, the fewest in more than five decades.
American workers are enjoying historically strong job security two years after the coronavirus pandemic plunged the economy into a short but devastating recession. Weekly applications for unemployment aid have been consistently below the pre-pandemic level of 225,000 for most of 2022, even as the overall economy contracted in the first quarter and even though concerns over inflation persist.
Earlier this month, the government reported that US employers added 428,000 jobs in April, leaving the unemployment rate at 3.6 percent, just above the lowest level in a half-century. Hiring gains have been strikingly consistent in the face of the worst inflation in four decades, with employers adding at least 400,000 jobs for 12 straight months.
Inflation may be the only thing hotter than the US job market. Earlier this month, the government reported that US producer prices soared 11 percent in April from a year earlier, a hefty gain that indicates high inflation will remain a burden for consumers and businesses in the months ahead.
Inflation at the consumer level eased slightly in April after months of relentless increases, but remained near a four-decade high. Consumer prices jumped 8.3 percent last month from a year ago, just below the 8.5 percent year-over-year surge in March, which was the highest since 1981.
Earlier in May, the US Federal Reserve intensified its fight against the worst inflation in 40 years by raising its benchmark short-term interest rate by a half-percentage point, signalling further large rate hikes to come. The increase in the Fed’s key rate, its most aggressive move since 2000, raised it to a range of 0.75 percent to 1 percent, the highest point since the pandemic struck in March of 2020.