U.S. equities ended a volatile month with a rally Monday as dip buyers emerged from last week’s jitters on central bank policy.
The S&P 500 rose 1.9% while the tech-heavy Nasdaq 100 added 3.3%, securing the best two-day rallies the indexes have seen since April and November 2020, respectively.
Traders were braced for instability following the stock market’s swings in and out of a correction after hawkish commentary from the Federal Reserve on Wednesday. Instead, it was a slow march higher as traders increase their bets the Fed will begin successive rate hikes in March. The dollar was weaker while Treasury yields rose.
“Until the market and the Fed stop leapfrogging each other in terms of interest rate expectations, the market will stay volatile,” wrote Deutsche Bank strategist Jim Reid, adding he wouldn’t be surprised by a swing in late trading.
The Nasdaq 100 has already recovered 6.6% from a low on Thursday, which can partly be explained by some short covering with traders buying back shares of the richly-valued tech stocks they previously bet against.
Short interest as a percentage of float for constituents in the index reached a roughly nine-month high earlier this month, according to a note from Wells Fargo. That “provides fuel for a short covering rally,” said Christopher Harvey, head of the bank’s equity strategy.
There remains speculation over whether the fed funds rate might increase 25 or 50 basis points at the start of the Fed’s tightening cycle. Yet, Michael O’Rourke, chief market strategist at Jonestrading Institutional Services, said it didn’t matter.
“Debating between 25 and 50 basis point for March is the equivalent to deciding between using a cup or a bucket to start emptying a swimming pool. One is larger than the other, but the difference is negligible relative to the task,” he said.
This week a flurry of companies from Alphabet Inc. to Exxon Mobil Corp. are expected to report financial results, potentially adding to the market’s volatility.
So far this quarter the stellar run of corporate profitability has continued. Of the 172 S&P 500 companies that have posted results so far, 81% have met or exceeded expectations, and profits have come in about 5% above the levels predicted.
“Equities are right now in a tug-of-war between better economy, better fundamentals and tighter money supply,” Troy Gayeski, chief market strategist at FS Investments, said by phone.
“You’re going to have to deal with market angst but the good news is the economy is on very firm footing and it would take another major exogenous shock, like a pandemic, or some type of major geopolitical situation” to really disrupt the economy and cause a recession, he added.
The MSCI World Index ended January with its worst monthly performance since March 2020. Brent crude posted its best January in at least 30 years, with some predicting prices will surpass $100 a barrel. And Bitcoin traded around $38,400, paring back a drop of almost 20% since the start of 2022.
For more market analysis, read our MLIV blog.
What to watch this week:
- Earnings are due from Alphabet, Amazon, Exxon Mobil, Ford Motor, Meta Platforms, Qualcomm, Sony, Spotify, UBS Group
- Reserve Bank of Australia rate decision, Tuesday
- Manufacturing PMIs, including euro zone, Tuesday
- OPEC+ meeting on output, Wednesday
- Euro zone CPI, Wednesday
- Bank of England, European Central Bank rate decisions, Thursday
- Fed Board of Governors confirmation hearing, Thursday
- U.S. factory orders, initial jobless claims, durable goods, Thursday
- U.S. payrolls report for January, Friday
- Winter Olympics kick off in China, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin due to attend opening ceremony, Friday
Some of the main moves in markets:
- The S&P 500 rose 1.9% as of 4:01 p.m. New York time
- The Nasdaq 100 rose 3.3%
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 1.2%
- The MSCI World index rose 1.8%
- The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index fell 0.6%
- The euro rose 0.7% to $1.1233
- The British pound rose 0.3% to $1.3447
- The Japanese yen rose 0.2% to 115.07 per dollar
- The yield on 10-year Treasuries advanced one basis point to 1.78%
- Germany’s 10-year yield advanced six basis points to 0.01%
- Britain’s 10-year yield advanced six basis points to 1.30%
- West Texas Intermediate crude rose 1.7% to $88.33 a barrel
- Gold futures rose 0.7% to $1,799.40 an ounce