UAE assesses net-zero emissions goal ahead of COP26 talks

With its extreme heat and dry conditions, the United Arab Emirates has found it challenging to cut greenhouse gas output.

A general view of residential skyscrapers and a beach in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, which requires plenty of energy for cooling and desalination [File: Abdel Hadi Ramahi/Reuters]

The United Arab Emirates is assessing plans for a net-zero emissions target, a process that may not be finished in time for the COP26 climate talks.

While the country is considering such a goal, its extreme heat and dry conditions make reducing greenhouse gas emissions difficult because plenty of energy is needed for cooling and desalination, according to a senior Ministry of Climate Change and Environment official.

“Don’t expect us to announce anything by the COP26, but we are considering a net-zero target like any other part of the world,” Qais Al Suwaidi, head of the ministry’s climate change department, said in an interview. Still, he added that discussions were ongoing at all levels of government, and it is still possible a decision comes before the meeting if a full assessment is completed.

No major OPEC producer has announced a net-zero target, and the UAE was among the most likely to do so before the COP26 in Glasgow in October and November. The U.K. and U.S. want governments to commit to deep emissions cuts. Zeroing them out in the next three decades is viewed as crucial to prevent temperatures rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels.

Other countries have rushed to announce climate targets without showing how they can be achieved or enshrining them in law, said Al Suwaidi.

“There is a lot of talk: ‘We can achieve net zero, we’re going to do this, we’re going to do that’,” he said. “But then in practice we see contrary action. We like to do things differently.”

More time is needed for the UAE to carry out studies that will determine how quickly it can reach net zero, he said.

Adopting stronger commitments wouldn’t necessarily require the UAE to sell less oil, the bedrock of its economy. But setting a net-zero target for emissions produced within its borders would make the UAE an outlier among fellow producers and possibly lead others in the Persian Gulf to follow suit.

The UAE’s current targets are still ambitious, Al Suwaidi said. In December, it pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by almost 25% over 10 years, from a baseline that assumes moderate economic growth. The country, which is competing against South Korea to host the UN’s COP28 event in 2023, is on course to surpass the target, said Al Suwaidi.

Source: Bloomberg