Growing worries about defaults at Chinese property developers have sapped investor sentiment, amid fresh credit rating downgrades and uncertainty about the fate of China Evergrande Group as it scrambles to raise cash by selling assets.
Evergrande is facing one of the country’s largest-ever debt restructurings as it grapples with more than $300bn of debt. The company last month missed making coupon payments on two dollar bond tranches.
The possible collapse of one of China’s biggest borrowers has triggered worries about contagion risks to the property sector in the world’s second-largest economy, as its debt-laden peers are hit with rating downgrades on looming defaults.
Fifteen of the country’s most stressed property developers have $2.1bn in bond payments due this month, according to calculations by Citigroup Inc analysts, comprised mostly of coupons. The bill will more than double in January as principal payments come due, indicating market stress may reach another maximum around that time, the analysts wrote in a note.
Evergrande requested a halt in the trading of its shares on Monday pending an announcement about a major deal. Evergrande Property Services Group also requested a halt referring to “a possible general offer” for company shares.
China’s state-backed Global Times said Hopson Development was the buyer of a 51 percent stake in the property business for more than HK$40 billion ($5.1bn), citing unspecified other media reports.
Evergrande declined to comment ahead of an official announcement, as trading in the company’s shares remained suspended throughout Tuesday.
Sector under pressure
While investors awaited confirmation of the deal, Chinese developer Sinic Holdings became the latest to suffer a ratings downgrade as stocks in the sector came under pressure.
Fitch cut Sinic’s long-term issuer default rating to “C” from “CCC”, after the company announced that certain subsidiaries have missed interest payments on onshore financing arrangements, Fitch said in its report on Tuesday.
S&P Global Ratings also lowered its rating on the company, saying it had run into a “severe liquidity problem and its debt-servicing ability has almost been depleted”. It said the company was likely to default on notes, totalling $246m, due on October 18. Sinic declined to comment on the ratings downgrades.
“Since the Evergrande crisis, investors have become more worried and focused about Chinese developer’s repayment ability,” Thomas Kwok, head of equity business at Hong Kong brokerage CHIEF Securities.
The liquidity issues have increased as many developers were not able to issue fresh debt to refinance, and as their ability to raise cash from selling properties dropped because of new regulations, he said.
“This will be a vicious cycle for the developers that are not strong enough because there is not enough liquidity in the market for everyone.”
The $5bn Evergrande is likely to get from the reported unit stake sale would theoretically cover its near-term offshore bond payments. It has $500m in bond coupons due by year-end, followed by a $2bn dollar bond maturity in March.
Analysts have said the potential Evergrande deal signals the company was still working to meet its obligations. But any fire-sale of its assets would further amplify concerns about the rest of China’s property sector and the broader economy.
Chinese homebuilder Fantasia Holdings’ dollar-denominated bonds lost nearly half their market value in a massive Monday selloff after it said it had failed to make a $206m international market debt payment on time.
In a statement, the property developer said it will assess the potential impact of the non-payment on the group’s financial conditions.
An index of China high-yield debt, which is dominated by developer issuers, hit its lowest since the pandemic drawdown in 2020 and has lost almost 20 percent since May – while comparable US and European indexes have rallied.
Asian markets also wobbled as Evergrande’s troubles added to broader investor worries about rising inflation and slowing world growth, while in Hong Kong the company’s developer peers were under renewed pressure.
An index tracking Hong Kong-listed mainland property stocks fell 1.8 percent on Tuesday, compared with a 0.3 percent gain in the local benchmark.
Shares in Guangzhou R&F Properties and Sunac China Holdings each about 10%. Shares in Evergrande’s electric vehicle unit eased after jumping on Monday.
Evergrande’s dollar bonds have firmed marginally over recent days, but remain at distressed levels below 30 cents on the dollar.