Oil futures settled sharply lower on Tuesday, with Brent sinking below $40 a barrel for the first time since June and United States crude falling nearly 8 percent after Saudi Arabia cut its October selling prices and COVID-19 cases rebounded in several countries.
Coronavirus infections are rising in India, the United Kingdom, Spain and several parts of the US, where the infection rate has not come under control for months. The rebound in illnesses could weaken the global economic recovery and sap fuel demand.
US benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude settled down $3.01 or 7.6 percent, at $36.76. Earlier it had hit lows not seen since June 15. Brent crude fell $2.23, or 5.3 percent, to $39.78 a barrel.
Both oil benchmarks are below trading ranges that had persisted since August. Brent fell for a fifth day and has lost more than 10 percent since the end of August.
Labor Day weekend marked the end of the US summer driving season when petrol demand is greatest, compounding both a supply and demand problem in the market, according to Bob Yawger, director of energy futures at Mizuho.
“With refiners dropping run rates in the coming weeks as turnaround season begins, crude storage is going to climb even higher than near historic highs,” Yawger said.
An exodus of speculative net long positions on crude oil is exacerbating the selloff, he added.
“The speculative community is bailing at once and the herd mentality is destroying the price of oil,” said Yawger.
On Monday, crude prices fell after Saudi Arabia’s state oil company Aramco cut the October official selling prices for its Arab light oil, a sign of softening demand.
“The Saudi price cuts announced Sunday made WTI unattractive to Asian buyers,” said Colorado-based energy analyst Phil Verleger of PK Verleger LLC.
Still, oil has recovered from historic lows hit in April, thanks to a record supply cut by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies, known as OPEC+. The producers are meeting on September 17 to review the cuts.