The United Kingdom’s treasury chief announced a new income support programme on Thursday for workers hurt by the coronavirus pandemic as the government races to prevent widespread layoffs when earlier employer subsidies end next month.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak, in a speech to legislators, unveiled his plan to subsidise the wages of workers whose hours are cut due to the pandemic as part of a wider package of measures to help businesses and bolster the economy. The plan comes in response to pressure from businesses and labour unions for the government to step in with more direct support for people in precarious work situations.
The new proposal would replace a furloughed worker programme that expires next month under which the government pays 80 percent of the wages of workers who are placed on leave.
“The primary goal of our economic policy remains unchanged – to support people’s jobs – but the way we achieve that must evolve,” Sunak said, adding that the Conservative government wants to support viable jobs but not preserve those that are no longer needed.
To underscore that his proposals have wide support, Sunak appeared outside his office before delivering his speech, holding a copy of the plan and flanked by representatives of the Confederation of British Industry and the Trades Union Congress.
The announcement comes as COVID-19 cases continue to soar across the UK, blunting the country’s economic recovery from a nationwide lockdown imposed in March.
The government reported 6,178 new confirmed cases on Wednesday, a 25 percent increase from the previous day and the UK’s highest daily total since May 1. The UK also has the deadliest outbreak in Europe, with nearly 42,000 confirmed coronavirus deaths.
To control the spike in COVID-19 infections, the British government on Tuesday introduced new restrictions, including a 10pm local time curfew for bars and restaurants and smaller crowd sizes for weddings.
Sunak said he was concerned the furlough programme allowed UK employers to preserve some jobs that were no longer needed as the economy adapts to a post-pandemic world. While this was appropriate to shield the British economy from the shock of the lockdown, the government now wants to move the economy in a different direction.
To ensure the government is supporting the retention of viable jobs, employers who participate in the wage support programme will be required to assign workers at least one-third of their previous hours. The government and the employer will then pay two-thirds of the remainder, meaning employees will receive 77 percent of their pre-pandemic wages.
“The government will directly support the wages of people in work, giving businesses who face depressed demand the option of keeping employees in a job on shorter hours rather than making them redundant,” Sunak said.
The government will offer similar support for the self-employed.
About two million employees are currently not working at all but are being covered by the UK furlough programme. Given the new proposal is less generous, many of those workers are likely to lose their jobs, economists forecast.
Ruth Gregory, senior UK economist for Capital Economics, said the unemployment rate is likely to rise to 7 percent by the middle of next year. The unemployment rate is about 4.1 percent.
“The policy measures just announced by the Chancellor will go some way to cushioning the blow to the economic recovery from the new restrictions to contain COVID-19 and limiting the long-term hit to unemployment,” Gregory said. “But these actions won’t eliminate the hit entirely.”
In addition to the wage support programme, Sunak said the British government will help businesses by extending loan repayment deadlines and loan guarantees provided earlier this year. These included 38 billion pounds ($43.8bn) in loans to one million small businesses that will now be eligible to “pay as you grow”.
“Businesses who are struggling can now choose to make interest-only payments and anyone in real trouble can apply to suspend repayments all together for up to six months,” he said.
Sunak also said he will extend until March 31 the temporary reduction in the value-added tax rate for hospitality and tourism industries, which have been particularly hard hit by the pandemic. The cut to 5 percent from 20 percent had been scheduled to end in January.