Libya’s oil industry, all but shut down since January because of civil war, is reopening – in parts.
The OPEC member’s state energy firm on Saturday announced it would start operations at ports and fields. The National Oil Corp. said force majeure – a legal status protecting a party that can’t fulfill a contract for reasons beyond its control – would continue, however, for facilities controlled by foreign mercenaries and other fighters.
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Production in Libya, home to Africa’s largest oil reserves, plummeted to less than 100,000 barrels a day in January from 1.2 million after Khalifa Haftar, a Russian-backed commander who controls the country’s east, blockaded energy infrastructure.
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. forecasts that Libya’s output will rise to 550,000 barrels daily by the end of the year. The NOC can resume exports quickly given that it has large stocks of crude at ports, the New York-based bank said in a note Sunday. Analysts at Bloomberg Intelligence said production could hit 1 million barrels a day in the fourth quarter – putting more pressure on oil prices, which have already been hammered by the coronavirus pandemic – if a truce holds between Haftar and the United Nations-recognized government of Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj.
The amount of extra oil Libya can export will also depend on how quickly it can fix wellheads, pipelines and storage tanks that have been neglected or damaged during the conflict.
Here’s the latest:
- Sharara, the country’s biggest oil deposit, is yet to restart operations, according to a person with knowledge of the situation. The 300,000-barrel-a-day field in the west is run by the NOC in a joint venture with France’s Total, Spain’s Repsol, Austria’s OMV and Norway’s Equinor
- The nearby El Feel deposit, in which Eni of Italy has a stake, is also down for now
- The NOC said late Monday that production will reach 260,000 barrels a day next week as workers return to fields that feed crude to the eastern ports of Brega and Hariga
- Oil tankers will start arriving at secure ports by Wednesday to load crude from storage tanks, the NOC said
- Sirte Oil Co., which runs Brega, has resumed operations, and Arabian Gulf Oil Co., which exports from Hariga, will start pumping on Thursday, according to the person with knowledge of the situation
- Brega has 490,000 barrels in storage and a capacity of 1.3 million, a different person said
- The Marlin Shikoku, a Suezmax tanker, is set to arrive at Hariga on Thursday to load crude, data compiled by Bloomberg show
- The tanker is chartered by Unipec, the trading arm of China’s largest state-owned refiner, Sinopec, according to another person
- Suezmax tankers can typically hold around one million barrels of oil
- Hariga has 3 million barrels in storage
- The Minerva Eleonora, which was supposed to load 630,000 barrels at Es Sider earlier this month before the order was canceled, is still anchored at the port
Will it Stick?
Libya has seen false dawns before. The NOC ended force majeure on Sharara exports in early June, only to close the field again within hours after it was overrun by gunmen.
The NOC’s announcement over the weekend came after Haftar said he would lift his blockade. The commander, who is also supported by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, cautioned his move was conditional on oil money being shared more evenly between the eastern administration and Sarraj’s Turkey-backed government based in the western city of Tripoli.
Haftar reached an accord over export revenue last week with Ahmed Maiteeq, the Tripoli government’s deputy prime minister.
Sarraj, who’s often at odds with Maiteeq, has yet to accept the agreement. But the deal is “likely to stick” because it has the broad backing of international powers involved in Libya’s conflict, said Bill Farren-Price, a director at consulting firm RS Energy Group.
“Restarts in the south-west and east of the country could lift Libyan oil production to 500,000 barrels a day within a week or so,” he said. “The field and infrastructure problems will also be easier to fix once the revenue starts flowing again. There are military issues to resolve, but they are all fixable.”
(Updates map, details on oil prices in fourth paragraph.)
–With assistance from Samuel Dodge.
© 2020 Bloomberg L.P.