Brazil deforested 10,000 square km of Amazon rainforest in 2019

The 34 percent increase is worse than previously reported in 2019, involving an area about the size of Lebanon.

amazon rainforest deforestation
An aerial view shows a deforested plot of the Amazon near Porto Velho, Rondonia State, Brazil [File: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]

Deforestation of Brazil‘s Amazon rainforest was worse than previously reported in 2019, revised government data showed on Tuesday, during the first year of President Jair Bolsonaro, who is eager to develop the forest crucial to curbing global warming.

Brazil‘s space research agency INPE recorded 10,129 square km (3,911 square miles) of deforestation for its benchmark annual period from August 2018 to July 2019. That is an area about the size of Lebanon and a 34.4 percent rise from the same period a year earlier.

The revision is higher than the INPE’s initial report of 9,762sq km (3,769sq miles) of forest destroyed during that period, an increase of 29.5 percent.

The 2019 data remains the highest level of deforestation seen in Brazil‘s Amazon since 2008, a level it had already hit prior to the revision.

The INPE generally revises the data every year for accuracy as a standard practice.

Environmental advocates and scientific researchers blame the policies of right-wing Bolsonaro for emboldening illegal loggers, ranchers and land speculators to clear the forest.

Bolsonaro has urged the development of the Amazon, including protected areas, as a way to lift the region’s poor residents out of poverty.

Brazil is home to roughly 60 percent of the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest. Protection of the Amazon is vital to curbing climate change, scientists say, because of the vast amount of carbon dioxide it absorbs.

Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President Jair Bolsonaro greets his supporters at the ramp of the Planalto Palace [File: Adriano Machado/Reuters] 

The revised data is based on a system called PRODES that is only released once annually, which is more accurate than monthly data reported using a rapid system known as DETER.

Monthly data shows that deforestation has continued to worsen in 2020, rising 55 percent during January to April, as compared with the same period in 2019.

Bolsonaro deployed the armed forces to combat rising deforestation in May, using a decree that expires on Wednesday but which officials say they expect to be renewed for another 30 days.

Source: Reuters